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Early childhood education and care (ECEC) in Sweden has been given highpriority for nearly three decades and is one of the cornerstones of Swedish familypolicy. Reforms in this area have also been widely supported in the SwedishRiksdag (Parliament). This has enabled implementation of a policy, whoseguidelines were drawn up by the Government at the beginning of the 1970s andwhich has since then been subsequently developed – child care
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In 1995 the OECD published the first comprehensive set of data intended to provide a comparative review of the educational provision for students with disabilities and disadvantages in OECD countries. That study found that although there were technical difficulties in making comparisons due to definitional differences among countries, sufficiently large differences did appear to exist among the countries to indicate the occurrence of
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Social exclusion has become one of the important themes in contemporary social policy debates in OECD countries. While there is a considerable debate about the precise meaning of the term (Evans, Paugham, and Prelis, 1995, Atkinson, 1998a, Klasen...
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Children's vulnerability to adverse social and economic circumstances is well established. Socio-economic background is one of the main predictors of cognitive development that provide the underpinnings of educational achievement, and on which mu...
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If cities, in the global age, are to address the twin tasks of economic regeneration and social inclusion they will require a renaissance in learning (EC/Fast). This challenge is to develop the capabilities (Sen, 1985; 1990; Nussbaum and Sen, 1...
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During the 1960's, beginning with the Great Society initiatives of the Johnson administration, there was an enlargement of existing policies and creation of new policies and programs to address the issue of poverty in the United States. In the 19...
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The concept of "social exclusion" was first popularised in 1974 in France, by René Lenoir the then Secretary of State for Social Action and was used to refer to the "physically disabled", the "mentally disabled" and the "socially maladjusted". Len...
The challenge for the Ministry of National Education has been to promote and support changes that meet the needs of the new economy and society in the face of a shortage of financial and human resources. This book first gives a brief history of e...
The rights of students with disabilities to be educated in their local mainstream school is becoming more and more accepted in most countries, and many reforms are being put in place to achieve this goal. Further, there is no reason to segregate ...