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  • 18-July-2018

    English

    An empirical investigation on the drivers of income redistribution across OECD countries

    This paper provides an empirical investigation on the drivers of tax and transfer income redistribution to working-age households across the OECD over the last two decades, in a context where it has been declining in the vast majority of countries.

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  • 18-July-2018

    English

    The quantification of structural reforms: Introducing country-specific policy effects

    This paper presents country-specific effects of structural reforms. It discusses how sizeable and interesting country-specific effects can be identified in a panel setting by conditioning the impact of individual policies on their own level or on the stance of other policies and institutions.

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  • 11-July-2018

    English

    Towards more inclusive growth in Tunisia

    The average standard of living of the Tunisians has been steadily increasing for several decades, while poverty and inequality have been greatly reduced by the implementation of many social programs.

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  • 6-July-2018

    English

    Multi-dimensional Review of Panama - Volume 2: In-depth Analysis and Recommendations

    Panama has achieved socio-economic improvements in recent decades thanks to strong economic growth and consequent poverty reduction. Its growth model is characterised by a dual economy in which a small number of activities, including those related to the Canal and Special Economic Zones, have exhibited high productivity growth but limited job creation.Panama should now embark on a new reform agenda to become a sustainable and inclusive high-income country. This report urges greater productivity in sectors that contribute to job formalisation to reduce disparities in income and among regions. As developing these policies requires further resources, taxation system and private sector involvement through public-private partnerships should also be reinforced. Focusing on skills and jobs, regional development and development financing, the volume provides analysis and recommendations on three areas which are key for Panama.
  • 4-July-2018

    English

    Structural policies to boost productivity and inclusion in Costa Rica

    Owing to past structural reforms, Costa Rica has enjoyed robust GDP growth and productivity levels are gradually converging towards the OECD average.

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  • 4-July-2018

    English

    The quantification of structural reforms: Taking stock of the results for OECD and non-OECD countries

    This paper summarises earlier OECD work aimed at quantifying the impact of structural reforms on economic outcomes.

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  • 29-June-2018

    English

    The "Family 500+" child allowance and female labour supply in Poland

    In 2016 the Polish government introduced a large new child benefit, called "Family 500+", with the aim to increase fertility from a low level and reduce child poverty.

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  • 29-June-2018

    English

    Strengthening innovation in Poland

    Poland’s catch up with other OECD country has been largely based on productivity growth resulting from restructuring towards more productive sectors and foreign technology absorption.

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  • 14-June-2018

    English

    9th Forum on Educational Innovation – Iruaritz Lezama Foundation

    I am grateful for the invitation to attend this meeting on one of the most important issues facing our societies: innovation in our education systems.

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  • 14-June-2018

    English

    Apprenticeship and Vocational Education and Training in Israel

    One of a series of studies on vocational education and training, this review assesses the apprenticeship system and vocational education and training in Israel and provides policy recommendations.Israel has experienced strong economic growth over the last decade, and labour shortages are observed in many sectors and occupations. At the same time, inequity and disadvantage in some population groups are rising. This report suggests several ways in which Israel might reform its vocational and apprenticeship programmes so that they effectively support the Israeli economy by providing the skills in demand on the labour market, and improve life chances and social mobility of individuals.The report argues for an expansion and integration of apprenticeship programmes into the mainstream upper secondary system, and development of systematic work-based learning placements in selected school-based vocational programmes. Currently vocational education and training in Israel is fragmented and students and employers often find it difficult to navigate. To address this challenge, the report recommends creating a single strategic body that will plan and guide policy development on vocational education and training, and champion it within government. A relatively large share of adults in Israel has low basic skills, particularly among Arab Israelis and Haredi Jews. Addressing basic skills weaknesses in these populations should be a priority.
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