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With ongoing migration of the younger cohorts to urban areas, the increase in the old-age dependency ratio will be even more pronounced in rural than in urban areas.
In recent years, policymaking in China has put increasing emphasis on stemming the growth in inequality, which had been fairly steep since the 1980s.
Over the past decade, the share of jobs not controlled by the state has increased considerably, whilst employment in agriculture has declined, against the backdrop of ongoing urbanisation.
Iboamerica in PISA 2006 focuses on the peformance of eight Iberoamerican countries in PISA 2006: two European countries, Spain and Portugal, and six from Latin America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Uruguay.
English, , 705kb
This paper describes national circumstances as viewed by the countries themselves while also casting light on their practices. It sets out the policy responses and focuses on the practices of countries and regions and, as far as possible, includes quantitative data or refers to pilot projects.
English, , 1,120kb
Immigrants with low levels of education are at a severe disadvantage in the Dutch labour market compared to their native peers – and this gap is far more pronounced than in the OECD on average.
This page gives details of how to join the OECD Centre for Effective Learning Envinroments, including who is eligible to join.
Chile has made impressive progress in educational attainment but still needs to catch up with OECD quality standards, and equity problems need to be addressed.
This report uses recent economic modelling to relate cognitive skills – as measured by PISA and other international instruments – to economic growth, demonstrating that relatively small improvements to labour force skills can largely impact the future well-being of a nation.