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The Australian education system fares well in international comparison with regards to PISA test scores and the higher education system attracts an increasing number of foreign students. However, a number of challenges need to be addressed.
In recent years, Japan has made significant progress in modernising its tertiary education system but reforms of the system must continue to respond to current social and economic pressures in Japan.
Like many countries, China faces the dilemma of expanding its tertiary education system within a tight fiscal constraint. Challenges in China include the unprecedented scale in student numbers and the rapidly rising aspirations of students and parents for upward social mobility through education.
English, , 235kb
A knowledge-based society relies on a highly qualified labour force, not only for high-technology sectors and research, but increasingly in all sectors of the economy and society.
CERI - University Futures: OECD work in Education
English, , 3,400kb
Four Future Scenarios for Higher Education / Quatre scénarios sur l’avenir de l’enseignement supérieur
Innovation Strategy for Education and Training OECD work on Innovation
The age of retirement of employees should be raised by eliminating mandatory retirement and phasing out the retirement allowance. Active labour market policies should focus on policies to expand human capital rather than wage subsidies.
Impressive progress has been made in raising participation in early childhood education as well as tertiary educational attainment over the past 30 years. However, the inflow of poorly educated youth into the labour market is unusually heavy for a high income country.