The OECD project on "Education Development for Disabled and at Risk Students in South Eastern Europe" was started in 2003, in close co-operation with eight education ministries and the Education Reform Initative of the Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe.
The initiative for this project follows one of the principal recommendations outlines in the OECD Review on National Policies for Education in South Eastern Europe, namely "to develop programmes to identify and diagnose children with special needs and ensure that adequate educational opportunities are provided . . .".