Education

Education at a Glance 2013 - Indicators and annexes

 

 Indicators

(click on the chapter title for the indicators for that chapter)

 

Chapter A:  The output of educational institutions
and the impact of learning
Chapter B:  Financial and human resources
invested in education
Chapter C:  Access to education, participation
and progression
Chapter D: The learning environment and
organisation of schools

Annexes

 

Annex 1: Characteristics of
education Systems

 

Annex 2: Reference statistics

 

Annex 3: Sources, methods
and technical notes

 

Interactive charts and tables

 

 (Click on the indicator title below to access the indicator and then click on the
tabs at the bottom of the Excel sheet to go from one table to another)

 

Chapter A:  The output of educational institutions  and the impact of learning - Indicators

 Indicator A1: To what level have adults studied?a

Indicator A1: To what level have adults studied?

  • Table A1.1a. Educational attainment of 25-64 year-olds (2011)
  • Table A1.1b. (Web only) Educational attainment of 25-64 year-olds, by gender (2011)
  • Table A1.2a. Percentage of the population that has attained at least upper secondary education, by age group (2011)
  • Table A1.2b. (Web only) Percentage of the population that has attained at least upper secondary education, by age group and gender (2011)
  • Table A1.3a. Percentage of the population that has attained tertiary education, by type of programme and age group (2011)
  • Table A1.3b. (Web only) Percentage of the population that has attained tertiary education, by type of programme, age group and gender (2011)
  • Table A1.4a. Trends in educational attainment, by age group, and average annual growth rate (2000-11)
  • Table A1.4b. (Web only) Trends in educational attainment, by gender and age group, and average annual growth rate (2000-11)
  • Table A1.5a. Educational attainment of 25-64 year-olds, by programme orientation and gender (2011)
  • Table A1.5b. Educational attainment by programme orientation, age group and gender (2011)

Indicator A2: How many students are expected to complete secondary education?

  • Table A2.1a Upper secondary graduation rates and average ages (2011)
  • Table A2.1b Upper secondary graduation rates for students under 25 (2011)
  • Table A2.2a Trends in first-time graduation rates at upper secondary level (1995-2011)
  • Table A2.3a Distribution of upper secondary vocational graduates, by field of education and gender (2011)
  •  Table A2.1a. Upper secondary graduation rates and average ages (2011)
  • Table A2.1b. Upper secondary graduation rates for students under 25 (2011)
  • Table A2.1c (Web only) Post-secondary non-tertiary graduation rates (2011)
  • Table A2.2a. Trends in first-time graduation rates at upper secondary level (1995-2011)
  • Table A2.2b (Web only) Trends in graduation rates (general and pre-vocational/vocational programmes) at upper secondary level (2005-11)
  • Table A2.3a. Distribution of upper secondary vocational graduates, by field of education and gender (2011)
  • Table A2.3b (Web only) Distribution of upper secondary vocational graduates, by field of education (2011)

Indicator A3: How many students are expected to complete tertiary education?

  • Table A3.1a Graduation rates and average age at tertiary level (2011)
  • Table A3.1b Tertiary graduation rates among students under the typical age at graduation (2011)
  • Table A3.2a Trends in tertiary graduation rates (1995-2011)
  • Table A3.2b. (Web only) Trends in tertiary graduation rates, by gender (2005-2011)
  • Table A3.2c. (Web only) Trends in graduation rates at advanced research level (1995-2011)
  • Table A3.3. (Web only) Percentage of tertiary qualifications awarded to women in tertiary-type A and advanced research programmes, by field of education (2000, 2011)

Indicator A4: How many students complete tertiary education?

  • Table A4.1 Completion rates in tertiary education (2011)
  • Table A4.2 Completion rates in tertiary-type A education, by status of enrolment (2011)

Indicator A5: How does educational attainment affect participation in the labour market?

  • Table A5.1a Employment rates among 25-64 year-olds, by educational attainment
  • Table A5.1b Employment rates among 25-64 year-olds, by educational attainment and gender (2011)
  • Table A5.2a Unemployment rates among 25-64 year olds, by educational attainment (2011)
  • Table A5.2b Unemployment rates among 25-64 year-olds, by educational attainment and gender (2011)
  • Table A5.3a Employment rates, by educational attainment and age group (2000, 2005, 2008 and 2011)
  • Table A5.3b. (Web only) Trends in employment rates, by educational attainment and age group (2000, 2005-11)
  • Table A5.3c. (Web only) Trends in employment rates among men, by educational attainment and age group (2000, 2005-11)
  • Table A5.3d. (Web only) Trends in employment rates among women, by educational attainment and age group (2000, 2005-11)       
  • Table A5.4a Unemployment rates, by educational attainment and age group (2000, 2005, 2008 and 2011)
  • Table A5.4b. (Web only) Trends in unemployment rates, by educational attainment and age group (2000, 2005-11)
  • Table A5.4c. (Web only) Trends in unemployment rates among men, by educational attainment and age group (2000, 2005-11)
  • Table A5.4d. (Web only) Trends in unemployment rates among women, by educational attainment and age group (2000, 2005-11)
  • Table A5.5a. Labour market status among 25-64 year-olds, by educational attainment and programme orientation (2011)
  • Table A5.5b. (Web only) Labour-market status among 25-64 year-olds, by educational attainment, programme orientation and gender (2011)
  • Table A5.5c. (Web only) Labour-market status among 25-34 year-olds and 35-44 year-olds, by educational attainment and programme orientation (2011)
  • Table A5.6. Proportion of full-time, full-year earners among all earners, by educational attainment and age group (2011)

Indicator A6: What are the earnings premiums from education?

  • Table A6.1 Relative earnings of adults with income from employment, by educational attainment, gender and age group (2011)
  • Table A6.2a Trends in relative earnings of 25-64 year-olds with income from employment, by educational attainment (2000-11)
  • Table A6.2b Trends in relative earnings of 25-64 year-old men with income from employment, by educational attainment (2000-11)
  • Table A6.2c Trends in relative earnings of 25-64 year-old women with income from employment, by educational attainment (2000-11)
  • Table A6.3a Differences in earnings between women and men, by educational attainment and age group (2011)
  • Table A6.3b Trends in the differences in earnings between 25-64 year-old women and men, by educational attainment (2000-11)
  • Table A6.4a. (Web only) Distribution of 25-64 year-olds, by educational attainment and level of earnings relative to median earnings (2011)
  • Table A6.4b. (Web only) Distribution of 25-64 year-old men, by educational attainment and level of earnings relative to median earnings (2011)
  • Table A6.4c. (Web only) Distribution of 25-64 year-old women, by educational attainment and level of earnings relative to median earnings (2011)
  • Table A6.5a Relative earnings of 15-24 year-old students, by educational attainment and gender (2011)
  • Table A6.5b Share of young adults with income from employment among all young adults, by gender, age group and student status (2011)

Indicator A7: What are the incentives to invest in education?

  • Table A7.1a Private costs and benefits for a man attaining upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education (2009)
  • Table A7.1b Private costs and benefits for a woman attaining upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education (2009)
  • Table A7.2a Public costs and benefits for a man attaining upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education (2009)
  • Table A7.2b Public costs and benefits for a woman attaining upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education (2009)
  • Table A7.3a Private costs and benefits for a man attaining tertiary education (2009)
  • Table A7.3b Private costs and benefits for a woman attaining tertiary education (2009)
  • Table A7.4a Public costs and benefits for a man attaining tertiary education (2009)
  • Table A7.4b Public costs and benefits for a woman attaining tertiary education (2009)

Indicator A8: What are the social outcomes of education?

  • Table A8.1 Proportion of obese adults, by level of educational attainment and gender (2011)
  • Table A8.2 Proportion of adults who smoke, by level of educational attainment and gender (2011)
  • Table A8.3 Percentage-point differences in the “likelihood of being obese” associated with an increase in the level of educational attainment (2011)
  • Table A8.4 Percentage-point differences in the “likelihood of smoking” associated with an increase in the level of educational attainment

 

Chapter B:  Financial and human resources  invested in education - Indicators

 

Indicator B1: How much is spent per student?

  • Table B1.1a. Annual expenditure per student by educational institutions for all services (2010)
  • Table B1.1b. (Web only) Annual expenditure per student by educational institutions for core services (2010)
  • Table B1.2. Annual expenditure per student by educational institutions for core services, ancillary services and R&D (2010)
  • Table B1.3a. Cumulative expenditure per student by educational institutions for all services over the average duration of tertiary studies (2010)
  • Table B1.3b. (Web only) Cumulative expenditure per student by educational institutions for all services over the theoretical duration of primary and secondary studies (2010) 
  • Table B1.4. Annual expenditure per student by educational institutions for all services, relative to GDP per capita (2010)
  • Table B1.5a. Change in expenditure per student by educational institutions for all services, relative to different factors, at the primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary levels of education (1995, 2000, 2005, 2010)
  • Table B1.5b. Change in expenditure per student by educational institutions for all services, relative to different factors, at the tertiary level of education (1995, 2000, 2005, 2010)
  • Table B1.6. Annual expenditure per student by educational institutions for all services, by type of programme, at the secondary level (2010)
  • Table B1.7. (Web only) Distribution of expenditure (as a percentage) by educational institutions compared to the proportion of students enrolled at each level of education (2010)

Indicator B2: What proportion of national wealth is spent on education?

  • Table B2.1 Expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP, by level of education (1995, 2000, 2005, 2010)
  • Table B2.2 Expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP, by level of education (2010)
  • Table B2.3 Expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP, by source of fund and level of education (2010)
  • Table B2.4 Expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP, by service category, as a percentage of GDP (2010)
  • Table B2.5 Change in public expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP (2008, 2009, 2010)

Indicator B3: How much public and private investment in education is there?

  • Table B3.1 Relative proportions of public and private expenditure on educational institutions for all levels of education (2000, 2010)
  • Table B3.2a Relative proportions of public and private expenditure on educational institutions, by level of education (2000, 2010)
  • Table B3.2b Relative proportions of public and private expenditure on educational institutions, for tertiary education (2000, 2010)
  • Table B3.3 Trends in relative proportions of public expenditure on educational institutions and index of change between 1995 and 2010, for tertiary education
  • Table B3.4 Annual public expenditure on educational institutions per student,by type of institution (2010)

Indicator B4: What is the total public spending on education?

  • Table B4.1. Total public expenditure on education (2010)
  • Table B4.2. Sources of public educational funds, for primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education, by level of government (2010)
  • Table B4.3. Total public expenditure on education (1995, 2000, 2005 and 2010)
  • Table B4.4. (Web only) Sources of public educational funds, before and after transfers, by level of government for tertiary education (2010)
  • Table B4.5. (Web only) Distribution of total public expenditure on education (2010)

Indicator B5: How much do tertiary students pay and what public support  do they receive?

  • Table B5.1 Estimated annual average tuition fees charged by tertiary-type A educational institution for national students (2011)
  • Table B5.2 Distribution of financial aid to students compared to amount of tuition fees charged in tertiary-type A education (2011)
  • Table B5.3 Average tuition fees charged by institutions, by field of education (2011)
  • Table B5.4 Public support for households and other private entities as a percentage of total public expenditure on education and GDP, for tertiary education (2010)
  • Table B5.5. (Web only) Public support for households and other private entities as a percentage of total public expenditure on education and GDP, for primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education (2010)

Indicator B6: On what resources and services is education funding spent? (Web only)

  • Table B6.1. (Web only) Expenditure by primary and secondary educational institutions, by resource category (2010)
  • Table B6.2. (Web only) Expenditure by educational institutions by resource category and level of education (2010)

Indicator B7: Which factors influence the level of expenditure on education?

  • Table B7.1. Salary cost of teachers per student, by level of education (2011)
  • Table B7.2a. Factors used to compute the salary cost of teachers per student, in primary education (2000, 2005 and 2011)
  • Table B7.2b. Factors used to compute the salary cost of teachers per student, in lower secondary education (2005, 2011)
  • Table B7.2c. (Web only) Factors used to compute the salary cost of teachers per student, in upper secondary education (2011)
  • Table B7.3. Contribution of various factors to salary cost of teachers per student in primary education (2000, 2005 and 2011)
  • Table B7.4a. Contribution of various factors to salary cost of teachers per student in lower secondary education, in USD (2000, 2005 and 2011)
  • Table B7.4b. (continued, web only) Contribution of various factors to salary cost of teachers per student in lower secondary education, in percentage of GDP per capita (2011)
  • Table B7.5a. Contribution of various factors to salary cost of teachers per student in upper secondary education, in USD (2011)
  • Table B7.5b. (continued, web only) Contribution of various factors to salary cost of teachers per student in upper secondary education, in percentage of GDP per capita (2011)

 

Chapter C:  Access to education, participation  and progression - Indicators

 

Indicator C1: Who participates in education?

  • Table C1.1a Enrolment rates, by age (2011)
  • Table C1.1b. (Web only) Transition characteristics from age 15 to 20, by level of education (2011)
  • Table C1.2 Trends in enrolment rates (1995-2011)
  • Table C1.3 Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary enrolment patterns (2011)
  • Table C1.4 Students in primary and secondary education, by percent share in type of institution or mode of enrolment (2010)
  • Table C1.5 Students in tertiary education, by percent share in type of institution or mode of enrolment (2011)
  • Table C1.6a Expected years in education from age 5 through age 39 (2011)
  • Table C1.6b. (Web only) Expected years in education from the age of 5 (2011)
  • Table C1.6c. (Web only) Expected years in tertiary education (2011)
  • Table C1.8 (Web only) Percentage of unemployed 20-29 year-olds correlated to their enrolment rates (2004 to 2011)

Indicator C2: How do early childhood education systems differ around the world?

  • Table C2.1 Enrolment Rates in early childhood and primary education, by age (2005, 2011)
  • Table C2.2 Characteristics of Early Childhood Education Programmes (2010, 2011)
  • Table C2.3 Characteristics of Education Only and Integrated Early Childhood Education Programmes (2011)

Indicator C3: How many students are expected to enter tertiary education?

  • Table C3.1a Entry rates into tertiary education and average age of new entrants (2011)
  • Table C3.1b Entry rates into tertiary education of students under the typical age of entry (2011)
  • Table C3.2a Trends in entry rates at tertiary level (1995-2011)
  • Table C3.2b (Web Only). Trends in entry rates at tertiary level, by gender (2005-2011)
  • Table C3.3a Distribution of tertiary new entrants, by field of education (2011)
  • Table C3.3b (Web Only) Distribution of tertiary new entrants, by field of education and gender (2011)
  • Table C3.3c (Web Only) Distribution of new entrants into advanced research programmes, by field of education (2011)

Indicator C4: Who studies abroad and where?

  • Table C4.1 International student mobility and foreign students in tertiary education (2005, 2011)
  • Table C4.2 Distribution of international and foreign students enrolled in tertiary programmes, by field of education (2011)
  • Table C4.3 Distribution of international and foreign students in tertiary education, by country of origin (2011)
  • Table C4.4 Citizens studying abroad in tertiary education, by country of destination (2011)
  • Table C4.5 Mobility patterns of foreign and international students (2011)
  • Table C4.6 Trends in the number of foreign students enrolled in tertiary education, by region of destination and origin (2000 to 2011)
  • Table C4.7. (Web only) Number of foreign students in tertiary education, by country of origin and destination (2011), and market shares in international education (2000, 2011)

Indicator C5: Transition from school to work: Where are the 15-29 year-olds?

  • Table C5.1a. Expected years in education and not in education for 15-29 year-olds by work status (2011)
  • Table C5.1b.(Web only) Expected years in education and not in education for 15-29 year-old men by work status (2011)
  • Table C5.1c.(Web only) Expected years in education and not in education for 15-29 year-old women by work status (2011)
  • Table C5.1d.(Web only) Trends in expected years in education and not in education for 15-29 year-olds by gender (1999-2011)
  • Table C5.2a. Percentage of 15-29 year-olds in education and not in education, by work status including duration of unemployment (2011)
  • Table C5.2b.(Web only) Percentage of 15-29 year-olds men in education and not in education, by work status including duration of unemployment (2011)
  • Table C5.2c.(Web only) Percentage of 15-29 year-olds women in education and not in education, by work status including duration of unemployment (2011)
  • Table C5.2d. Percentage of the youth population in education and not in education, by 5-year age group and work status including duration of unemployment (2011)
  • Table C5.3a. Percentage of 15-29 year-olds in education and not in education, by work status including part-time workers (2011)
  • Table C5.3b.(Web only) Percentage of 15-29 year-olds young men in education and not in education, by work status including part-time workers (2011)
  • Table C5.3c.(Web only) Percentage of 15-29 year-olds young women in education and not in education, by work status including part-time workers (2011)
  • Table C5.3d.(Web only) Percentage of 15-29 year-olds in education and not in education, by 5-year age group and work status including part-time workers (2011)
  • Table C5.4a Trends in the percentage of the youth population in education and not in education, employed or not, by  5-year age group (1997-2011)
  • Table C5.4b.(Web only) Trends in the percentage of 15-29 year-old men population in education and not in education, employed or not, by  5-year age group (1997-2011)
  • Table C5.4c.(Web only) Trends in the percentage of 15-29 year-old women population in education and not in education, employed or not, by  5-year age group (1997-2011)
  • Table C5.4d.(Web only) Trends in the percentage of 15-29 year-old population in education and not in education, employed or not, by educational attainment (2006-2011)
  • Table C5.5a. Percentage of 15-29 year-olds in education and not in education, by educational attainment and work status, including duration of unemployment (2011)
  • Table C5.5b.(Web only) Percentage of 25-29 year-olds in education and not in education, by educational attainment and work status (2011)
  • Table C5.6. Percentage of 15-29 year-olds in education and not in education, by educational attainment and work status, including part-time (PT) workers  (2011)
  • Table C5.7.Trends in the percentage of the 15-29 year-old part-time (PT) and full-time (FT) workers in education and not in education (2006-2011)

 

Chapter D: The learning environment and  organisation of schools - Indicators

 

Indicator D1: How much time do students spend in the classroom?

  • Table D1.1 Compulsory and intended instruction time in public institutions (2011)
  • Table D1.2a Instruction time per subject in primary education (2011)
  • Table D1.2b Instruction time per subject in lower secondary education (2011)
  • Table D1.3. (Web only) Compulsory and intended instruction time, by age (2011)
  • Table D1.4a. (Web only) Instruction time per subject for 6-year-olds1 (2011) 
  • Table D1.4b. (Web only) Instruction time per subject for 7-year-olds (2011) 
  • Table D1.4c. (Web only) Instruction time per subject 8-year-olds (2011)
  • Table D1.4d. (Web only) Instruction time per subject for 9-year-olds (2011)  
  • Table D1.4e. (Web only) Instruction time per subject for 10-year-olds (2011) 
  • Table D1.4f. (Web only) Instruction time per subject for 11-year-olds (2011) 
  • Table D1.4g. (Web only) Instruction time per subject for 12-year-olds (2011) 
  • Table D1.4h. (Web only) Instruction time per subject for 13-year-olds (2011) 
  • Table D1.4i. (Web only) Instruction time per subject for 14-year-olds (2011) 
  • Table D1.4j. (Web only) Instruction time per subject for 15-year-olds (2011)
  • Table D1.4k. (Web only) Instruction time per subject for 15-year-olds in the least-demanding programmes (2011)

Indicator D2: What is the student-teacher ratio and how big are classes?

  • Table D2.1 Average class size, by type of institution and level of education (2011)
  • Table D2.2 Ratio of students to teaching staff in educational institutions (2011)
  • Table D2.3 Ratio of students to teaching staff by type of institution (2011)
  • Table D2.4. (Web only) Average class size, by type of institution and level of education (2000)

Indicator D3: How much are teachers paid?

  • Table D3.1 Teachers’ statutory salaries at different points in their careers (2011)
  • Table D3.2 Comparison of teachers’ salaries (2011)
  • Table D3.3 Average actual teachers’ salaries (2011)
  • Table D3.4 Trends in teachers’ salaries between 2000 and 2011
  • Table D3.5. (Web only) Minimum and maximum teachers’ statutory salaries (2011)
  • Table D3.6a. (Web only) Criteria determining base salary and additional payments for teachers in public institutions (2011)
  • Table D3.6b. (Web only) Decisions made by school principal on payments for teachers in public institutions (2011)
  • Table D3.6c. (Web only) Decisions made by local or regional authority on payments for teachers in public institutions (2011)
  • Table D3.6d. (Web only) Decisions made by the national authority on payments for teachers in public institutions (2011)

Indicator D4: How much time do teachers spend teaching?

  • Table D4.1 Organisation of teachers’ working time (2011)
  • Table D4.2 Number of teaching hours per year (2000 and 2005-11)

Indicator D5: Who are the teachers?

  • Table D5.1. (Web only) Age distribution of teachers (2011)
  • Table D5.2. (Web only) Age distribution of teachers (2011, 1998)
  • Table D5.3. (Web only) Gender distribution of teachers (2011)

Annex 1: Characteristics of education systems

Annex 2: Reference statistics

Annex 3: Sources, methods and technical notes

 

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