Education at a Glance 2016

OECD Indicators

view previous editions

Published on September 15, 2016

Also available in: German, French


Education at a Glance is the authoritative source for information on the state of education around the world. It provides key information on the output of educational institutions; the impact of learning across countries; the financial and human resources invested in education; access, participation and progression in education; and the learning environment and organisation of schools.

The 2016 edition introduces a new indicator on the completion rate of tertiary students and another one on school leaders. It provides more trend data and analysis on diverse topics, such as: teachers’ salaries; graduation rates; expenditure on education; enrolment rates; young adults who are neither employed nor in education or training; class size; and teaching hours. The publication examines gender imbalance in education and the profile of students who attend, and graduate from, vocational education.

The report covers all 35 OECD countries and a number of partner countries (Argentina, Brazil, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, India, Indonesia, Lithuania, the Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia and South Africa).

This edition includes more than 125 figures and 145 tables. The Excel™ spreadsheets used to create them are available via the StatLinks provided throughout the publication. More data is available in the OECD Education Statistics database.

SUMMARIESavailable in 26 languages

English Education at a Glance 2016 (Summary in English)
French Education at a Glance 2016 (Summary in French) Regards sur l'éducation 2016
Spanish Education at a Glance 2016 (Summary in Spanish) Panorama de la educación 2016
German Education at a Glance 2016 (Summary in German) Bildung auf einen Blick 2016
Japanese Education at a Glance 2016 (Summary in Japanese) 図表でみる教育2016年版
Italian Education at a Glance 2016 (Summary in Italian) Uno sguardo sull’istruzione 2016
Chinese Education at a Glance 2016 (Summary in Chinese) 教育概览2016
Czech Education at a Glance 2016 (Summary in Czech) Letmý pohled na vzdělávání v roce 2016
Danish Education at a Glance 2016 (Summary in Danish) Uddannelse 2016 - kort fortalt
Dutch Education at a Glance 2016 (Summary in Dutch) Onderwijs in een oogopslag 2016
Estonian Education at a Glance 2016 (Summary in Estonian) Haridus lähivaates 2016
Finnish Education at a Glance 2016 (Summary in Finnish) Koulutuskatsaus 2016
Greek Education at a Glance 2016 (Summary in Greek) Η εκπαίδευση με μια ματιά 2016
Hebrew Education at a Glance 2016 (Summary in Hebrew) חינוך במבט חטוף 2016
Hungarian Education at a Glance 2016 (Summary in Hungarian) Oktatási körkép 2016
Icelandic Education at a Glance 2016 (Summary in Icelandic) Menntun í hnotskurn 2016
Korean Education at a Glance 2016 (Summary in Korean) 2016년도 교육부문 개요
Latvian Education at a Glance 2016 (Summary in Latvian) Izglītības apskats 2016
Norwegian Education at a Glance 2016 (Summary in Norwegian) Et blikk på utdanning – 2016
Polish Education at a Glance 2016 (Summary in Polish) Edukacja w zarysie 2015
Portuguese Education at a Glance 2016 (Summary in Portuguese) Educação em Revista 2016
Russian Education at a Glance 2016 (Summary in Russian) Взгляд на образование 2016
Slovak Education at a Glance 2016 (Summary in Slovak) Prehľad o vzdelávaní 2016
Slovene Education at a Glance 2016 (Summary in Slovenian) Pogled na izobraževanje 2016
Swedish Education at a Glance 2016 (Summary in Swedish) OECD:s utbildningsöversikt 2016
Turkish Education at a Glance 2016 (Summary in Turkish) 2016 Tek Bakışta Eğitim


Editorial - Measuring What Counts in Education: Monitoring the Sustainable Development Goal for Education
Introduction: The Indicators and their Framework
Reader's Guide
About the New ISCED 2011 Classification
Executive Summary
The Output of Educational Institutions and the Impact of Learning9 chapters available
Indicator A1 To What Level Have Adults Studied?
Indicator A2 How Many Students are Expected to Complete Upper Secondary Education?
Indicator A3 How Many Young People are Expected to Complete Tertiary Education and What is their Profile?
Indicator A4 To What Extent does Parents' Background Influence Educational Attainment?
Indicator A5 How does Educational Attainment Affect Participation in the Labour Market?
Indicator A6 What are the Earnings Advantages from Education?
Indicator A7 What are the Financial Incentives to Invest in Education?
Indicator A8 How are Social Outcomes Related to Education?
Indicator A9 How Many Students Complete Tertiary Education?
Financial and Human Resources Invested in Education7 chapters available
Indicator B1 How Much is Spent Per Student?
Indicator B2 What Proportion of National Wealth is Spent on Education?
Indicator B3 How Much Public and Private Investment in Education is there?
Indicator B4 What is the Total Public Spending on Education?
Indicator B5 How Much do Tertiary Students Pay and What Public Support do they Receive?
Indicator B6 On What Resources and Services is Education Funding Spent?
Indicator B7 Which Factors Influence the Level of Expenditure on Education?
Access to Education, Participation and Progression6 chapters available
Indicator C1 Who Participates in Education?
Indicator C2 How do Early Childhood Education Systems Differ Around the World?
Indicator C3 How Many Students are Expected to Enter Tertiary Education?
Indicator C4 Who Studies Abroad and Where?
Indicator C5 Transition from School to Work: Where are the 15-29 Year-Olds?
Indicator C6 How Many Adults Participate in Education and Learning?
The Learning Environment and Organisation of Schools6 chapters available
Indicator D1 How Much Time do Students Spend in the Classroom?
Indicator D2 What is the Student-Teacher Ratio and How Big are Classes?
Indicator D3 How Much are Teachers Paid?
Indicator D4 How Much Time do Teachers Spend Teaching?
Indicator D5 Who are the Teachers?
Indicator D6 Who are Our School Leaders and What do they do?
Annexes5 chapters available
Characteristics of Education Systems
Reference Statistics
Sources, Methods and Technical Notes
Contributors to this Publication
Education Indicators in Focus
Country Notes47 chapters available
Costa Rica
Czech Republic
European Union
New Zealand
Russian Federation
Saudi Arabia
Slovak Republic
South Africa
United Kingdom
United States
Powered by OECD iLibrary
Education at a Glance (EAG) 2017 will be launched on 12 September 2017 at 11:00 am, Paris time



These quantitative and internationally comparable indicators are designed to help governments build more effective and equitable education systems. These country notes provide data on the structure, finances and performance of education systems in the countries listed below.


Education indicators in focus (EDIF) - Monthly briefs that highlight specific subjects in OECD’s Education at a Glance.  They provide a detailed look into current issues from a global perspective. Each four-page issue contains an engaging mix of text, tables and charts that describe the international context of the most pressing questions in education policy and practice.

 Education at a Glance Subnational Supplement.  This site serves as a supplement to Education at a Glance 2016 and provides select subnational data for six indicators in this edition. These include data on educational attainment by selected age groups (Indicator A1), employment rates by educational attainment (Indicator A5), annual expenditure per student (Indicator B1), enrolment rates by age (Indicator C1), enrolment rates in early childhood and primary education (Indicator C2), and enrolment rates and work status of 15-29 year-olds (Indicator C5).

Achieving Sustainable Development Goal for education by 2030 will be major challenge for all countries (press release)

ISCED 2011 Operational Manual, Guidelines for Classifying National Education Programmes and related Qualifications. Published on 20 March 2015.
Blog post: Got a question about education? Education at a Glance probably has the answer  OECD work to develop indicators for Education at a Glance: INES Brochure

Access EAG 2015 publication

INES Network on Data Collection and Development on Economic, Labour Market and Social Outcomes of Education (LSO): LSO brochure

HIGHLIGHTS and launch events 2016


Launch of Education at a Glance 2016  
(Remarks by Angel Gurría, OECD Secretary-General) 

Presentación del Panorama de la Educación 2016
(Remarks in Spanish, by Gabriela Ramos, OECD Chief of Staff and Sherpa to the G20)

Can OECD’s data guide the world towards better education systems

10 Key charts to share

Press conference with Tibor Navracsics AND 
Angel Gurría


Webinar - Education at a Glance 2016

Overview in English


Overview FOR FRANCE in French


Overview FOR MEXICO in Spanish


Contact us