Education at a Glance 2014: OECD Indicators


ISCED 2011 Operational Manual: Guidelines for classifying National Education Programmes and related Qualifications

The structure of education systems varies widely between countries. In order to produce internationally comparable education statistics and indicators, it is necessary to have a framework to collect and report data on education programmes with a similar level of educational content. UNESCO's International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) is the reference classification for organising education programmes and related qualifications by education levels and fields.

ISCED 2011 is the second major revision of this classification (initially developed in the 1970s and first revised in 1997). It was adopted by the UNESCO General Conference in November 2011. Prepared jointly by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS), the OECD and Eurostat, this operational manual provides guidelines and explanatory notes for the interpretation of the revised classification, by each educational level. It also includes country examples of programmes and qualifications that have been classified to ISCED 2011.

ISCED 2011 will be implemented for the first time in data to be published in the 2015 edition of Education at a Glance (to be released in last trimester of 2015).

Released on 20 March 2015, at 11.00 am Paris time


Education at a Glance 2014
OECD Indicators

This annual publication is the authoritative source for accurate and relevant information on the state of education around the world.

Featuring more than 150 charts, 300 tables, and over 100 000 figures, it provides data on the structure, finances, and performance of education systems in the OECD’s 34 member countries, as well as a number of partner countries.

It results from a long-standing, collaborative effort between OECD governments, the experts and institutions working within the framework of the OECD Indicators of Education Systems (INES) programme and the OECD Secretariat.


This publication is also available in French, German, Spanish

What's new in the 2014 edition?

  • New indicators on private institutions, on what it takes to become a teacher, and on the availability of, and participation in, professional development activities for teachers.
  • Data from the 2012 Survey of Adult Skills, on attainment, employment, intergenerational education mobility, earnings, and social outcomes related to skills proficiency.
  • Data from the 2013 OECD Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS) and the 2012 OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) in several indicators.
  • Analysis of the impact of the recent economic crisis on the interplay among educational attainment, employment, earnings and public finance.
  • More in-depth information related to upper secondary completion rates and the types and use of student loans.
  • For the first time, data from Colombia and Latvia.

Update of Employment and Educational Attainment Indicators - January 2015

Key findings

Education at a Glance 2014 - Key Findings from OECD Education

See the Multimedia page for more PowerPoints

Educational mobility slows in industrialised world, says OECD


Indicators: data and analysis

Data and analysis on the output of educational institutions and the impact of learning; the financial and human resources invested in education; access, participation and progression in education; and the learning environment and organisation of schools.

For other internationally comparable data on education policies and practices, opportunities and outcomes, see the GPS


Country-specific findings

Country notes with main key findings of the book and key fact tables: a customised snapshot of a country's educational environment, highlighting the most important issues in the educational landscape.
Country notes can be complemented with comparisons of different countries, building your own “interactive country profile”.

Multilingual summaries are also available in 24 languages

Education Indicators in Focus

Monthly briefs that highlight specific subjects in OECD’s Education at a Glance.  They provide a detailed look into current issues from a global perspective.

Each four-page issue contains an engaging mix of text, tables and charts that describe the international context of the most pressing questions in education policy and practice

Latest issue - N° 32

Are education and skills being distributed more inclusively?



Further reading






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