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Economists have traditionally been very cautious when studying the interaction between employment and health because of the two-way causal relationship between these two variables: health status influences the probability of being employed and, at the same time, working affects the health status.
Life is quite good in the United States compared to other OECD countries, thanks to strong economic
growth and technological progress having lifted average income to high levels. Nonetheless, there is
evidence that the benefits from growth have not been sufficiently broad based.
Despite relative affluence, workplace stress is a prominent feature of the US labour market. To the
extent that job stress causes poor health outcomes – either directly through increased blood ressure,
fatigue, muscle pain, etc. or indirectly through increased rates of cigarette smoking – policy to lessen job stress may be appropriate.
This report draws on the new international OECD Survey of Adult Skills to highlight the challenges faced by the United States. It shows that the United States should take action to improve adult skills, if it wants to avoid falling behind other countries. The report also advances a set of key recommendations to improve basic skills across the board.
This blog post introduces a new report on the state of adult skills in the United States, "Time for the U.S. to Reskill: What the Survey of Adult Skills Says".
An OECD study published today says the United States should take concerted action to address the adult skills challenge, warning it could progressively fall behind other countries. The study argues that low-skilled populations face a bleak future, creating challenges both to equity and social cohesion.
The United States should improve postsecondary career and technical training provisions to help students transition smoothly into education programs and the labor market, according to a new OECD report published today.
English, PDF, 1,756kb
A Skills beyond School Review of the United States, OECD Reviews of Vocational Education and Training
Education at a Glance 2013 - Country notes and key fact tables
Income inequality and relative poverty in the United States are among the highest in the OECD and have substantially increased over the past decades. These developments have been associated with a number of other worrying statistics, including low intergenerational social mobility and weak real income growth for many households.