Colombia’s education system has made impressive progress over the past two decades, but more needs to be done now to ensure that all children have access to a quality education, according to a new OECD report.
How can Colombia improve both the quality and equity of its education system while also addressing efficiency challenges? Despite a fundamental transformation of its education system over the past two decades, Colombia faces two critical challenges: high levels of inequality from the earliest years and low levels of quality across its education system. This report assesses Colombia’s policies and practices against the best approaches in education and skills from across the OECD. It analyses its education system’s major strengths and the challenges it faces, from early childhood education and care to tertiary education. With insights drawn from international research, it offers recommendations on how Colombia can improve quality and equity to reach its goal of being the “most educated” country in Latin America by 2025. This report will be of interest in Colombia as well as other countries looking to raise the quality, equity and efficiency of their education systems.
Over the past 15 years, Colombia’s education system has undergone an extraordinary transformation.
English, PDF, 297kb
Despite rapidly expanding access to ICT among households, in 2012 some 37% of 15-year-old students in Colombia still had no access to a computer at home (in 2009, this proportion was 52%).
Colombia is one of the most unequal countries in Latin America. The high level of informality in the labour market and many characteristics of the pension system leave many elderly in poverty. Only formal-sector employees earning more than the relatively high minimum wage are covered.
English, PDF, 638kb
In Colombia, 42% of 25-64 year-old attained at least upper secondary education, a much smaller proportion than the OECD average of 75%. Only China, Indonesia, Mexico, Portugal and Turkey have smaller proportions (varying from 22% in China to 38% in Portugal).
Spanish, PDF, 733kb
En Colombia, el 42% de la población de 25 a 64 años tiene como mínimo educación media superior; una proporción mucho menor que el promedio de la OCDE de 75%. Sólo China, Indonesia, México, Portugal y Turquía tienen porcentajes más bajos (que van del 22% en China al 38% en Portugal.
Income inequality in Colombia has declined since the early 2000s but remains very high by international standards. While most of the inequality originates from the labour market, wealth – and thus capital income – is also highly concentrated and the tax and transfer system has little redistributive impact.
Income inequality in Colombia has declined since the early 2000s but remains very high by international standards. Income dispersion largely originates from the labour market, which is characterised by a still high unemployment rate, a pervasive informal sector and a wide wage dispersion reflecting a large education premium for those with higher education.
Spanish, PDF, 2,292kb
Colombia es una de las principales economías de la región de América Latina y el Caribe y el gobierno tiene planes ambiciosos para su desarrollo social y económico, para lo que es crucial el fortalecimiento del capital humano.