This paper investigates if higher public spending in education and better teacher qualifications are related to student’s performance, using data from Saber 11, a national standardized test conducted by Instituto Colombiano para la Evaluación de la Educación.
Growth has become more inclusive in recent years in Colombia. Strong growth and targeted social policies have reduced absolute poverty.
Colombia’s education system has made impressive progress over the past two decades, but more needs to be done now to ensure that all children have access to a quality education, according to a new OECD report.
Over the past 15 years, Colombia’s education system has undergone an extraordinary transformation.
English, PDF, 297kb
Despite rapidly expanding access to ICT among households, in 2012 some 37% of 15-year-old students in Colombia still had no access to a computer at home (in 2009, this proportion was 52%).
Colombia is one of the most unequal countries in Latin America. The high level of informality in the labour market and many characteristics of the pension system leave many elderly in poverty. Only formal-sector employees earning more than the relatively high minimum wage are covered.
English, PDF, 638kb
In Colombia, 42% of 25-64 year-old attained at least upper secondary education, a much smaller proportion than the OECD average of 75%. Only China, Indonesia, Mexico, Portugal and Turkey have smaller proportions (varying from 22% in China to 38% in Portugal).
Spanish, PDF, 733kb
En Colombia, el 42% de la población de 25 a 64 años tiene como mínimo educación media superior; una proporción mucho menor que el promedio de la OCDE de 75%. Sólo China, Indonesia, México, Portugal y Turquía tienen porcentajes más bajos (que van del 22% en China al 38% en Portugal.
Income inequality in Colombia has declined since the early 2000s but remains very high by international standards. While most of the inequality originates from the labour market, wealth – and thus capital income – is also highly concentrated and the tax and transfer system has little redistributive impact.