Chinese, PDF, 1,545kb
China,VET,Learning for Jobs,OECD Reviews of Vocational Education and Training,
English, , 544kb
Many strengths are apparent in the Chinese system for vocational education and training in upper secondary schools. The strengths include: The establishment of 9 year schooling with almost all children in China now completing lower secondary education.
This paper uses the OECD’s Going for Growth framework, as well as other available evidence linking policies to economic performance, to identify key structural policy challenges in the BIICS for the years ahead.
In recent years, policymaking in China has put increasing emphasis on stemming the growth in inequality, which had been fairly steep since the 1980s.
Over the past decade, the share of jobs not controlled by the state has increased considerably, whilst employment in agriculture has declined, against the backdrop of ongoing urbanisation.
With ongoing migration of the younger cohorts to urban areas, the increase in the old-age dependency ratio will be even more pronounced in rural than in urban areas.
Learning for Jobs, the initial report of the OECD policy review of vocational education and training, presents a set of policy recommendations to help countries make their vocational systems more responsive to labour market needs and boost economic growth.
Country Notes from OECD Economic Policy Reforms: Going for growth 2011 presenting OECD recommendations for structural reform priorities for individual countries.
Like many countries, China faces the dilemma of expanding its tertiary education system within a tight fiscal constraint. Challenges in China include the unprecedented scale in student numbers and the rapidly rising aspirations of students and parents for upward social mobility through education.
English, , 2,085kb
This Country Note on China forms part of the OECD Thematic Review of Tertiary Education. This is a collaborative project to assist countries in the design and implementation of tertiary education policies which contribute to the realisation of their social and economic objectives.