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Brazil’s old-age pensions have reduced old-age poverty below OECD levels, but pension expenditures of 8.2% of GDP are expected to rise rapidly as the population ages. A pension reform is necessary to ensure the financial sustainability of the system.
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On a number of measures, Brazil’s performance in recent years has been remarkable. But Brazil still has a long way to travel to close the gap with OECD countries and to ensure all students leave school with the skills needed for life and work.
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Public investment in education has sharply increased since 2000 and is now one of the highest among OECD and partner countries. In 2011, the Brazilian government spent 19% of its total expenditure on education, which is well above the OECD average of 13%, and is the fourth highest among all OECD and partner countries with available data.
Portuguese, PDF, 833kb
O investimento público em educação tem aumentado fortemente desde 2000 e é agora um dos mais altos entre os países da OCDE e países parceiros.
Brazil has made remarkable progress in reducing poverty and inequality. This reduction is explained by strong growth but also by effective social policies. Besides growth, public services and cash transfers have played the biggest role, the latter notably through the successful "Bolsa Familia" programme.
English, PDF, 408kb
The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) is a triennial international survey which aims to evaluate education systems worldwide by testing the skills and knowledge of 15-year-old students. To date, students representing more than 70 economies have participated in the assessment.
It is a real pleasure to be back in Brasilia to launch “Investing in Youth: Brazil”. One of Brazil’s greatest assets is its relatively young population. But you can reap a demographic dividend only if the environment is right for harnessing the potential and the talents of the young generation.
One of Brazil’s greatest assets is its relatively young population; but you can reap a demographic dividend only if we create the conditions for harnessing the potential and the talents of this youth. High quality education remains the best engine of social progress and helps our young people find more and better jobs.
Brazil’s strong economic growth has helped cut the youth unemployment rate over the past decade to levels below those of most OECD countries. Increased investment in education and vocational training is also helping young people get a foot in the jobs market, according to a new OECD report.
OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría today welcomed Brazil’s further engagement with the Organisation’s world-leading global education assessment programme (PISA) during a signing ceremony in Brasilia with Brazil’s Minister for Education Aloízio Mercadante.