A highly educated and skilled workforce has been an important driver of productivity performance and prosperity in Belgium.
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This policy profile is part of the Education Policy Outlook series, which presents comparative analysis of education policies and reforms across OECD countries.
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13.5% of those aged 15-29 are not in employment, education or training (NEET) in Belgium. This is a structural phenomenon with young people without upper secondary education especially at risk: they are six times as likely to be NEET in their late twenties than their university-educated peers.
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School Resources Country Background Review for the French Community of Belgium
Improving the labour market performance of immigrants requires a two-fold strategy. First, policies specific to migrants need to be enhanced. Second, general reforms to improve the functioning of the economy, desirable in any case, could also have a significant positive impact on immigrants.
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Tertiary attainment rates are above the average, but remain virtually unchanged since 2010. Although tertiary attainment has expanded in Belgium over the last decade, the rate of increase is slowing down. In fact, the attainment rate of the adult population (25-64 year-olds) has remained unchanged at 35% since 2010, only slightly above the OECD average of 33%.
Two rounds of the Survey of Adult Skills are under way: Round 1 (2008-13) with 24 participating countries, whose results were released in October 2013, and Round 2 (2012-16) with 9 participating countries, whose results will be released in 2016. A third round is scheduled to begin in May 2014.
Belgium has a good record in delivering accessible care, but adaptation to population ageing will be complicated by the fragmentation of responsibilities in the healthcare system and a strong reliance on government regulations.