Many countries are struggling to reconcile greater flexibility in school choice with
the need to ensure quality, equity and coherence in their school systems. This report
provides an international perspective on issues related to school choice, especially
how certain aspects of school-choice policies may be associated with sorting students
into different schools. A key question fuelling the school-choice debate is whether
greater competition among schools results in more sorting of students by ability or
socio-economic status. At the macro level, school segregation can deprive children
of opportunities to learn, play and communicate with other children from different
social, cultural and ethnic backgrounds, which can, in turn, threaten social cohesion.
The report draws a comprehensive picture of school segregation, using a variety of
indicators in order to account for the diversity of the processes by which students
are allocated to schools.