Directorate for Education and Skills

Students, Computers and Learning

Making the Connection

In series:PISAview more titles

Published on September 15, 2015


Are there computers in the classroom? Does it matter? Students, Computers and Learning: Making the Connection examines how students’ access to and use of information and communication technology (ICT) devices has evolved in recent years, and explores how education systems and schools are integrating ICT into students’ learning experiences. Based on results from PISA 2012, the report discusses differences in access to and use of ICT – what are collectively known as the “digital divide” – that are related to students’ socio-economic status, gender, geographic location, and the school a child attends. The report highlights the importance of bolstering students’ ability to navigate through digital texts. It also examines the relationship among computer access in schools, computer use in classrooms, and performance in the PISA assessment. As the report makes clear, all students first need to be equipped with basic literacy and numeracy skills so that they can participate fully in the hyper-connected, digitised societies of the 21st century.


Foreword and Acknowledgements
Executive Summary
Reader's Guide
How Students' Use of Computers has Evolved in Recent Years
Integrating Information and Communication Technology in Teaching and Learning
Main Results from the PISA 2012 Computer-Based Assessments
The Importance of Navigation in Online Reading: Think, then Click
Inequalities in Digital Proficiency: Bridging the Divide
How Computers are Related to Students' Performance
Using Log-File Data to Understand What Drives Performance in PISA (Case Study)
Implications of Digital Technology for Education Policy and Practice
Annexes2 chapters available
Technical notes on analyses in this volume
List of tables available on line
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  • The archived webinar with Andreas Schleicher Director of the Directorate for Education and Skills at the OECD and Francesco Avvisati, OECD Education Analyst,  discussing the findings from Students, Computers and Learning: Making the Connection, is available here.



Country notes



PISA in Focus

Highlights (in French)

For more information on PISA, click here.