The region under review:
boundaries, geography and population
The Campinas Metropolitan Region (CMR) is part of the State of São Paulo in Brazil. It consists of 19 municipalities and has a population of 2.3 million. About 90% of the CMR's population lives in urban areas. The City of Campinas has 1 million inhabitants.
Figure 1: Campinas Metropolitan Region within the State of São Paulo (large map);
Brazil is a presidential democracy with three levels of government: federal, state and municipal. The 27 states have a fair level of autonomy, but only the federal government has the right to raise taxes.
Municipalities have the right to legislate upon matters of local interest and to supplement federal and state legislation (OECD 2008). Two thirds of the more than
5 500 municipalities are small in size and depend on transfers from the state and federal government.
The Campinas Metropolitan Region (CMR) was established as a territorial unit in 2000. It is governed by a development council consisting of the regional mayors and representatives of the São Paulo State government. The council has an advisory board which includes stakeholders from the region.
The Campinas Metropolitan Agency (AGEMCAMP) is responsible for the regional development. It is part of the São Paulo State Development Department.
The Ministry of Education is responsible for higher education and quality assurance. It is supported by the National Council of Education. The states and the Federal District can authorize, recognize, provide credentials for, supervise and evaluate the programmes conducted by the higher education institutions that they maintain. The federal, state and municipal level are expected to collaborate in the organisation of the educational systems.
About 3% of the Brazilian GDP is produced in the Campinas Metropolitan Region while only about 1.4% of Brazil’s population lives there.
The region has a diversified economic profile including agriculture, food manufacturing, petro-chemical industry, high-tech electronics industry, and auto industry.
Brazil’s largest export/import airport, Viracopos, is located in the Campinas Metropolitan Region.