Early childhood and schools

TALIS 2008 and 2013



TALIS 2008 and 2013


We know that effective teaching and teachers are key to producing high-performing students. So how can countries prepare teachers to face the diverse challenges in today’s schools?

The OECD Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS) helps answer this question. TALIS asks teachers and schools about their working conditions and the learning environments. It covers important themes such as initial teacher education and professional development; what sort of appraisal and feedback teachers get; the school climate; school leadership; and teachers’ instructional beliefs and pedagogical practices.

TALIS provides cross-country analysis that helps countries identify others facing similar challenges and learn about their policies.

TALIS results are published in the form of an international report, interactive database, individual country notes and thematic reports.



Who was surveyed?

  • International target population: Lower secondary education teachers and leaders of mainstream schools.
  • Target sample size: 200 schools per country; 20 teachers and 1 school leader in each school.
  • School samples: Representative samples of schools and teachers within schools


Participating countries

 TALIS began in 2008 in 24 countries, focusing on lower secondary education. TALIS 2013 covers 34 countries and enables them to conduct the survey in their primary and upper secondary schools as well. Some countries have also chosen to gain additional insights by conducting the survey in schools that participated in the 2012 Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA).


Australia Denmark Korea Romania
Estonia Latvia Serbia
Belgium (Flanders) Finland Lithuania
Brazil France Malaysia
Slovak Republic
Bulgaria Hungary
Malta Slovenia
Canada (Alberta) Iceland Mexico Spain
Chile Ireland
Netherlands Sweden
Croatia Israel Norway Turkey
Cyprus 1.2. Italy Poland United Kingdom (England)
Czech Republic Japan Portugal United States
United Arab Emirates      

1. Footnote by Turkey: The information in this document with reference to “Cyprus” relates to the southern part of the Island. There is no single authority representing both Turkish and Greek Cypriot people on the Island. Turkey recognises the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC). Until a lasting and equitable solution is found within the context of the United Nations, Turkey shall preserve its position concerning the “Cyprus issue

2. Footnote by all the European Union Member States of the OECD and the European Union: The Republic of Cyprus is recognised by all members of the United Nations with the exception of Turkey. The information in this document relates to the area under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus.


     Both 2008 and 2013    2008 only   2013 only  


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