Increasing the share of vocational secondary schooling has been a mainstay of development policy for decades, especially in formerly socialist countries. However, the transition to market economies led to restructuring of school systems and a decline in the number of vocational students.
In this article we explore the relationship between education and alcohol consumption. We examine whether the probability of abusing alcohol differs across educational groups.
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This review of vocational education and training (VET) in Austria is part of “Learning for Jobs”, the OECD policy study of VET, a programme of analytical work and individual country reviews designed to help countries make their VET systems more responsive to labour market needs.
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The Austrian VET system has a number of strengths: The dual system has many commendable features, with well-structured apprenticeships that integrate learning in schools and workplace training and youth unemployment rates are low.
The purpose of this OECD Japan seminar is to enable stakeholders in ECEC such as policy makers, academics, professional bodies, practitioners, parents, media, and journalists at local (sub-national), national, regional and international level to huddle together and canvass the issues.
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Many strengths are apparent in the Chinese system for vocational education and training in upper secondary schools. The strengths include: The establishment of 9 year schooling with almost all children in China now completing lower secondary education.
OECD countries have made significant reform progress in recent decades, in fields as diverse as competition policy, health care and the environment. How have they done it? And why have reforms advanced in some places and stalled in others? This collection of essays analyses the reform experiences of the 30 OECD countries in nine major policy domains in order to identify lessons, pitfalls and strategies that may help foster policy reform in the future. While taking full account of the tremendous differences in the political and institutional settings in which these reforms were undertaken, the authors highlight a number of common challenges and potential solutions that hold good across both countries and issue areas. They show that the scope for cross-national policy learning is enormous.
The importance of such reform lessons is all the greater in the wake of the global financial and economic crisis. As OECD governments confront the challenge of trying to restore public finances to health without undermining the recovery, they will need to pursue a careful mix of fiscal policies and growth-enhancing structural reforms. Designing, adopting and implementing such a policy mix will require the crafting of effective reforms and effective strategies for implementing them.
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Reviews of Higher Education in Regional and City Development are the OECD’s vehicle to mobilise higher education for economic, social and cultural development of cities and regions. They analyse how higher education systems impact local and regional development and assist in improving this impact.
Pointers for Policy Development are designed for busy policymakers and others wanting to know the OECD’s policy advice on different education and training topics within each of the thematic reviews carried out by the Education and Training Policy Division.
This paper makes an in-depth comparison of the PISA (OECD) and TIMSS (IEA) mathematics assessments conducted in 2003. First, a comparison of survey methodologies is presented, followed by an examination of the mathematics frameworks in the two studies. The methodologies and the frameworks in the two studies form the basis for providing explanations for the observed differences in PISA and TIMSS results. At the country level, it