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We use the PISA student-level achievement database to estimate international education production functions. Student characteristics, family backgrounds, home inputs, resources, teachers, and institutions are all significantly related to math, science, and reading achievement. Our models account for more than 85% of the between-country performance variation, with roughly 25% accruing to institutional variation. Student performance is
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The current situation in France is not characterised by the shortage of candidate teachers experienced in some neighbouring countries. However, the age structure of the French population is not favourable in view of the high demand for new teachers to be met in the coming years as a result of the high expected number of retiring teachers. Hence, France will also be faced with the problem studied by the OECD. In fact, four factors will
Education has been a central priority for Chile since the return of a democratic government in 1990. Thanks to a sustained economic growth and a commitment to increasing public investment in education, Chile has made a number of key improvements to the education system during this period. A recent reform ensures twelve years of free and compulsory schooling for all Chilean children. Enrolment in secondary education has expanded
Articles in CELE Exchange/PEB Exchange, reports
In the context of increasing and new forms of cross-border provision of higher education, there is a need for new international initiatives to enhance quality provision in cross-border higher education at a global level by further strengthening quality assurance, accreditation and recognition of qualifications schemes at both national and international levels through the development of non-binding international guidelines on “Quality
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Early childhood education and care experienced a surge of policy attention in OECD countries during the 1990s. Women – including mothers of young children - were joining the labour market in ever greater numbers, with a corresponding need for more childcare places and long-day kindergarten. Policy makers recognised that equitable access to quality early childhood education and care could both support the social needs of families and
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In April 2002 the OECD Education Committee launched the major Activity Attracting, Developing and Retaining Effective Teachers. This is a collaborative project to assist governments design and implement teacher policies to improve teaching and learning in schools. The project is to be concluded in 2004 when the final synthesis report is published.
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OECD countries are attaching rising importance to lifelong learning and active employment policies as tools of economic growth and social equity. Effective information and guidance systems are essential to support the implementation of these policies, and all citizens need to develop the skills to self-manage their careers. Yet there are large gaps between these policy goals and the capacity of national career guidance systems. Access
This publication not only raises the question of protecting schools physically, it underscores the need to introduce natural disaster response training and education.
Changing economic and social conditions are giving education a central role in the success of individuals and nations. As the final stage of formal education for the majority of students in OECD countries, upper secondary education is a crucial link. How successful are upper secondary schools in meeting the demands of modern societies and what are the main obstacles that they perceive in preparing young adults for life and a longer