This working paper examines economic challenges posed by the combination of an ageing and declining population in Hungary and develops policy-oriented recommendations for addressing them.
This working paper aims to identify structural reforms for better public spending management in Italy -in turn a critical need in view of the country's high debt and tax burdens, notwithstanding significant progress in the past decade.
English, , 281kb
This working paper discusses product market regulatory reforms in Italy over the past decade.
English, , 228kb
This working paper analyses the possibilities for reforming the Icelandic tax system. It puts the current tax structure in its historic context, showing that there has been a steady movement towards simplification.
English, , 329kb
This working paper suggests that despite the considerable progress, in recent years, in broadening the tax base and improving tax compliance as well as administration, more needs to be done to enhance efficiency and equity and the overall performance of the tax system.
English, , 372kb
This working paper analyses certain economic aspects of environmental policy in France, focussing on greenhouse gas emissions, water pollution and discharges in city air.
English, , 274kb
This working paper examines within an international context, the healthcare system in Hungary.
English, , 321kb
The main focus of this working paper is on the factors of the Greek pay-as-you-go system which result in its future unsustainability.
English, , 354kb
This working paper suggests that a successful reform of public enterprises would improve productivity in key sectors of the Greek economy, and thus provide essential inputs at lower cost to the economy as a whole.
English, , 324kb
Using overlapping generations (OLG) models calibrated on 7 OECD countries - the United States, Japan, France, Canada, Italy, the United Kingdom and Sweden - the authors investigate the macroeconomic impact of possible pension reform strategies as populations age.