Six years into the crisis and a robust recovery is still distant. The global economy is continuing to expand at a moderate and uneven pace. International trade, global investment and credit are still hesitant. The threat of so-called ‘secular stagnation’ remains high, especially in Europe.
As a result of continued policy support and favourable financial conditions, global growth is expected to be somewhat more vigorous in the latter part of 2014 and into 2015. Nonetheless, the OECD’s recent Interim Assessment has revised growth projections downwards for most major economies as the recovery is turning out to be weaker than expected.
This edition of the Forum is called “By Africa, For Africa”. The choice of title underscores the importance of African citizens, African companies and African governments as drivers of the development process. The OECD is here to listen, to engage, and to strengthen this unique partnership with Africa and its institutions.
The global economy is continuing to expand at a moderate and uneven pace. The tepid rate of growth means that a substantial degree of labour market slack remains, especially in the euro area, and world trade growth remains sluggish. The OECD has identified more than 980 structural reform commitments made by G20 members in their revised Growth Strategies.
La relación de la OCDE con América Latina sigue creciendo, junto con la importancia de la región en la economía internacional. La participación de los países latinoamericanos en nuestros comités, working groups e iniciativas es más fuerte que nunca.
The United States is doing better, but the legacies of the crisis are heavy and there is a lot of room for improvement. As we gradually exit the gravest crisis of our lifetimes, we have the unique opportunity to push forward reforms which will lead to sustainable, green growth and some inclusive societies, said OECD Secretary-General.
Over the past two decades, Canada has witnessed continued economic stability and progress despite the recent crisis that wreaked havoc in most other advanced economies. In fact, Canada has never had a banking crisis and has one of the highest levels of well-being, but challenges remain, said OECD Secretary-General.
We are talking about two very different regions, in historic, economic and social terms, but both regions are in great need of structural reforms and they can learn a lot from one another. In today’s globalised and increasingly interconnected world, the common challenges and threats we face demand common solutions.
“Our experience has shown that reforms are usually enacted in times of crisis, as there may be no other option,” said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría during the Survey launch in Berlin. “However, reform processes should continue in good times. For Germany, this means that the country should act now to embark on a more inclusive and resilient growth path.”
After six long years of pain and fear, the major advanced economies are finally building momentum. While two of the four cylinders of the global economy’s growth engine – credit growth and emerging market activity – are still running below full speed, there are encouraging signs that the other two, trade and investment, are finally warming up.