The over-arching message of the 2015 OECD Economic Survey of Italy is straight forward: ‘a lot done, a lot more to do’. OECD Secretary-General shared some of the main findings.
We therefore need a “copernician” change in our approach to the growth – inequality nexus: let’s not think growth first, and inequality thereafter but let’s consider both of them, together, in their circularity. In other words, let’s think “Inclusive Growth”, right from the start, and let’s make it another touchstone of our efforts and complement the Pittsburgh tryptic of strong, sustainable and balanced growth!
Going for Growth is the OECD’s flagship report on structural policies. The purpose of Going for Growth is to help governments setting a reform agenda to improve citizens’ well-being. It has been instrumental in helping G20 countries to develop growth strategies to raise their combined gross domestic product (GDP) by 2% over baseline projections by 2018 – as agreed by G20 Leaders in Brisbane last year.
Belgium is one of the few euro area countries where GDP has already surpassed pre-crisis levels. Also, general well-being is above the average of OECD countries. When looking at the various dimensions of well-being – economic, social or environmental – Belgium has a strong performance in almost all of them. Remarkably, despite the crisis, income inequality has remained relatively low compared to other OECD countries.
Estonia was among the countries hardest hit by the crisis, but it is bouncing back strongly. Nonetheless, Estonia is still a ‘catch-up country’, with some distance to travel before it closes the income gap with top-performing OECD countries.
Angel Gurría has presented President Santos with our report “Colombia: Policy Priorities for Inclusive Development”. This report supplements the Economic Survey of Colombia released on 19 January, reflecting the close co-operation between the OECD and the Colombian Government in designing the National Development Plan 2014-2018, which seeks to bring about a Colombia where there is peace, greater equity and better education.
Africa has made significant progress in recent years but important challenges to African development remain that we can break down into three linked areas. Let’s call them the “three i’s”: interconnectedness, investment, and inclusiveness.
Seven years on from the financial crisis, and we are still dealing with its legacies: low growth is slowly picking up; unemployment, despite moving in the right direction remains stubbornly high, especially in the euro area; and income inequality, which was already rising, has worsened.
Quiero abrir con un reconocimiento al Gobierno de México por haber impulsado el paquete de reformas estructurales más extenso y ambicioso que hemos registrado en tiempos recientes. Después de muchos años de parálisis reformadora, en tan sólo dos años México se convirtió en el país con la actividad de reformas más alta de los 34 países de la OCDE.
Es un placer estar aquí para presentar el informe de la OCDE sobre las prácticas de contratación pública de la Comisión Federal de Electricidad (CFE). Este informe ha sido elaborado en colaboración con la Comisión Federal de Competencia Económica (CFCE) y el Instituto Mexicano para la Competitividad (IMCO), a quienes agradezco su apoyo y sus contribuciones.