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Business dynamism has underpinned inclusive growth in the 2000s. Strong growth without widening external imbalances calls for structural reform in the business sector to boost productivity and allow firms to better compete in export markets and at home.
This report examines the sustainability of social institutions and their ability to absorb and cope with short-term shocks and longer-term trends by providing risk sharing and expenditure smoothing, focusing on pension, health care and unemployment insurance schemes.
French, PDF, 4,532kb
Enhancing the productivity and competitiveness of the French economy will demand action on innovation and research, competition, education and vocational training, as well as on the functioning of the labour market, on public-sector efficiency, and on fiscal policy.
English, PDF, 2,689kb
This report presents descriptive evidence of specialisation trends and investigates empirically their causes and consequences, analysing the role of policies in this process. Then, based on the insights from the backward looking analysis, it draws global trade and specialisation scenarios up to 2060, taking into account international spillovers.
English, PDF, 4,014kb
This paper identifies and analyses some key challenges that OECD and partner economies may face over the coming 50 years if underlying global trends relating to growth, trade, inequality and environmental pressures prevail.
벤처 기업과 중소기업이 보다 큰 역할을 하는 창조적인 경제를 육성하기 위한 새로운 성장전략이 필요하다. 또한, 소득불평등과 상대적 빈곤, 특히 49%에 달하는 노인 빈곤율을 감소시킬 수 있는 정책들이 필요하다.
Output growth of around 4% is projected in 2014-15. However, a new growth strategy is essential to foster a creative economy and sustain growth. Policies are also needed to reduce income inequality and poverty, particularly among the elderly.
Economic recovery in the United States is stronger than in most OECD countries, but it will remain sluggish unless new reforms are launched to boost growth.
Canada’s economic growth remains solid. However, the energy-sector boom has widened regional disparities and raised environmental challenges. House prices and household debt have increased to high levels. Skills shortages have emerged.
This OECD publication estimates the economic cost of the health impacts of air pollution from road transport – on a global scale, but with special reference to People’s Republic of China, India and the OECD member countries.