Policies that promote green growth need to be founded on a good understanding of the determinants of green growth and need to be supported with appropriate indicators to monitor progress. This book is an update of the 2014 edition. It presents a selection of updated and new indicators that illustrate the progress that OECD and G20 countries have made since the 1990s. The OECD Green Growth Strategy supports countries in fostering economic growth and development while ensuring that natural assets continue to provide the resources and environmental services on which our well-being relies.
This report considers how pro-growth reform efforts, combined with measures to mobilise investment in low-emission and climate-resilient infrastructure, might spur growth and improve well-being while also achieving the climate goals agreed at COP21 in Paris. The national plans put forward for the Paris Agreement are collectively insufficient, in part due to concerns over the implications of climate action for economic growth and development. Yet rather than adding to economic challenges, decisive action to accelerate the transition could form an integral part of effective economic growth and development plans.
The OECD Sovereign Borrowing Outlook provides regular updates on trends and developments associated with sovereign borrowing requirements, funding strategies, market infrastructure and debt levels from the perspective of public debt managers. The Outlook makes a policy distinction between funding strategy and borrowing requirements. The central government marketable gross borrowing needs, or requirements, are calculated on the basis of budget deficits and redemptions. The funding strategy entails decisions on how borrowing needs are going to be financed using different instruments and which distribution channels are being used. This edition provides data, information and background on sovereign borrowing needs and discusses funding strategies and debt management policies for the OECD area and country groupings. In particular, it examines: gross borrowing requirements; net borrowing requirements; central government marketable debt; interactions between fiscal policy, public debt management and monetary policy; funding strategies, procedures and instruments; the impact of new regulations on primary market operations; liquidity in secondary markets; implications of a low interest environment for government debt; and the outlook of inflation linked bonds.
The outcome of COP21 urged developed countries to scale up their level of financial support, over and above their initial finance pledges, with a concrete roadmap to achieve their USD 100 billion a year commitment by 2020. This note provides analytical support to country preparation of such a roadmap, assessing the scale of future climate finance as well as identifying and discussing some key uncertainties. It sets out the resulting projections for climate finance in 2020 along with the underlying assumptions and methodologies.
English, PDF, 1,109kb
This OECD technical report to G-20 Finance Ministers and Governors provides an assessment of progress on structural reform to achieve strong, sustainable and balanced growth under the G-20 Enhanced Structural Reform Agenda (ESRA) agreed at the Hangzhou summit.
While growth has picked up, more needs to be done for Japan to overcome a record high government debt ratio and an accelerating decline in its working-age population.
English, PDF, 4,212kb
Japan 2017 overview English version
English, PDF, 3,599kb
Japan 2017 overview Japanese version
English, PDF, 980kb
Japan 2017 Powerpoint Japanese version
English, PDF, 1,344kb
Japan 2017 Powerpoint English version