Provisional estimates show that quarterly gross domestic product (GDP) in the OECD area fell by 0.2% in the fourth quarter of 2012, after a 0.3% increase in the previous quarter. This is the first contraction of GDP in the OECD area since the very sharp decline in the first quarter of 2009 (minus 2.3%).
Structural reforms offer governments a powerful tool to boost economic growth, create jobs and bring about a strong and balanced economic recovery, according to the OECD’s latest Going for Growth report.
The Colombian economy is strong and the outlook is promising, but the country must do more to ensure that the ongoing commodities boom contributes to sustainable and inclusive growth over the long-term, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Assessment of Colombia.
OECD area annual inflation was 1.9% in the year to December 2012, unchanged from the annual rate in the year to November 2012. Annual inflation rates for all major components of the CPI were also broadly stable with energy price inflation at 2.9% and food price inflation at 2.1%.
Composite leading indicators (CLIs), designed to anticipate turning-points in economic activity relative to trend, show signs of stabilising economic outlook in most major economies.
Annual inflation in the OECD area rose by 1.9% in the year to November 2012, compared with 2.2% in the year to October 2012. This easing in the annual rate of inflation mainly reflected slower growth in energy prices, which increased by 2.9% in November, down from 5.4% in October.
The Australian economy is robust and faces a solid short-term outlook, but it must continue adapting to ensure that its privileged place in the Asia-Pacific region contributes to long-term sustainable growth, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Australia.
Quarterly Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the G20 area grew by 0.6% in the third quarter of 2012 compared with 0.5% in the second quarter, according to preliminary estimates. The aggregate G20 GDP growth rate however continues to mask diverging patterns across economies.
The Slovak Republic recovered strongly from the global economic crisis and is weathering well the storm that has struck its main European trading partners. The challenges going forward will be restoring public finances while driving down unemployment and fostering long-term inclusive growth, says the latest Economic Survey.
Spain is immersed in a prolonged recession that has been compounded by the continuing crisis in the euro area. The path to recovery has been launched, but will require full implementation of reforms and some additional measures to restore confidence in the financial sector, redress public finances and bring down high unemployment, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Spain.