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Las reformas estructurales pueden hacer la diferencia en la búsqueda de los países por superar la crisis, impulsar el crecimiento y crear empleos, de acuerdo con el más reciente estudio de la OCDE: Apuesta por el crecimiento (Going for Growth).
Germany recovered rapidly from the 2008-09 recession, with GDP topping pre-crisis rates during 2011 and unemployment falling significantly. Public finances are sound, but further reforms are needed to transform its growth model to thrive as a knowledge-based economy.
Composite leading indicators (CLIs) point to a positive change in momentum for the OECD as a whole, driven primarily by the United States and Japan, but similar signs are beginning to emerge in a number of other developed economies.
The OECD’s latest economic survey of Norway, to be published on Wednesday 15 February 2012, discusses how sound macroeconomic policies and well-managed petroleum wealth have helped the country successfully weather the global economic crisis.
Switzerland has made a broadly balanced recovery from the economic crisis, but slower activity in Europe and pressures on the Swiss franc weigh on the near-term outlook, according to the latest Economic Survey of Switzerland.
Countries can use labour market reforms, more targeted tax and transfer systems and better education policies to simultaneously curb the income gap between rich and poor while boosting economic growth.
The assessment is little changed compared to last month for most countries, but the CLIs for Japan, United States and Russia are showing stronger signs of a positive change in momentum and remain above long-term trend.
The OECD’s latest economic survey of Chile, to be published on Tuesday 17 January 2012, discusses the country’s recovery from the global economic crisis and looks at the major challenges as growth slows worldwide.
Composite leading indicators point to a slowdown in economic activity in all major economies, but with some variation in the strength of the slowdown across countries.
The Russian Federation must further modernise its economy to meet long-term development and income inequality challenges, according to the OECD. A combination of sound macroeconomic management, improved business climate, effective social policies and greater energy efficiency is required.