Publications & Documents


  • 11-December-2015

    English

  • 11-December-2015

    English

    A Review of International Large-Scale Assessments in Education - Assessing Component Skills and Collecting Contextual Data

    The OECD has initiated PISA for Development (PISA-D) in response to the rising need of developing countries to collect data about their education systems and the capacity of their student bodies. This report aims to compare and contrast approaches regarding the instruments that are used to collect data on (a) component skills and cognitive instruments, (b) contextual frameworks, and (c) the implementation of the different international assessments, as well as approaches to include children who are not at school, and the ways in which data are used. It then seeks to identify assessment practices in these three areas that will be useful for developing countries. This report reviews the major international and regional large-scale educational assessments: large-scale international surveys, school-based surveys and household-based surveys. For each of the issues discussed, there is a description of the prevailing international situation, followed by a consideration of the issue for developing countries and then a description of the relevance of the issue to PISA for Development.

  • 11-December-2015

    English

    The Future of Productivity

    This book addresses the rising productivity gap between the global frontier and other firms, and identifies a number of structural impediments constraining business start-ups, knowledge diffusion and resource allocation (such as barriers to up-scaling and relatively high rates of skill mismatch).

    Analysis based on micro and industry-level data highlights the importance of reallocation-friendly policies, including well-functioning product, labour and risk capital markets, efficient judicial systems, bankruptcy laws that do not excessively penalise failure, housing policies that do not unduly restrict labour mobility, and improvements in public funding and organisation of basic research which do not excessively favour applied vs basic research and incumbents vs young firms.

  • 9-December-2015

    English

    Towards more gender equality in Austria

    Gender mainstreaming with the aim of more gender equality ranks high on the agenda of Austrian policy makers.

  • 9-December-2015

    English

    Austria's separate gender roles model was popular in the past, but is becoming a constraint for comprehensive wellbeing

    Austria has a model of "separate gender roles" in work, family and life arrangements which persists despite efforts to better balance these roles.

  • 8-December-2015

    English

    Are the SDGs a major reboot or a sequel to the MDGs?

    The main reason for putting together the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) was to prevent the Millennium Declaration from falling into oblivion. A declaration issued by a world summit has a shelf-life of about six months. Beyond that period, its life is reduced to a small world, usually the summit’s sponsoring agency.

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  • 8-December-2015

    English

    Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, December 2015

    Stable growth momentum in the OECD area but mixed outlook for major emerging economies

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  • 8-December-2015

    English, PDF, 1,186kb

    Policies for Productivity Growth

    Where does the productive capacity of firms come from? What are the barriers that prevent resources to flow to the firms with the greatest potential? Why is it that not all people that possess entrepreneurial talent choose to start firms?

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  • 3-December-2015

    English

    The macroeconomic impact of structural policies on labour market outcomes in OECD countries: a reassessment

    This paper presents a first set of updates and extensions of the large body of existing evidence about the aggregate labour market impact of structural policies, in the context of enhancing the OECD’s supply-side framework for the quantification of reform packages.

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  • 3-December-2015

    English

    Searching for the inclusive growth tax grail: the distributional impact of growth enhancing tax reform in Ireland

    TThe economic literature suggests that a revenue-neutral shift of tax revenues from income taxes to property taxes would increase GDP per capita in the medium term. This paper analyses for Ireland the consequences of such a shift in the tax mix.

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