Publications & Documents


  • 24-July-2014

    English

    Improving well-being in the United States

    Life is quite good in the United States compared to other OECD countries, thanks to strong economic growth and technological progress having lifted average income to high levels. Nonetheless, there is evidence that the benefits from growth have not been sufficiently broad based.

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  • 24-July-2014

    English

    Workplace stress in the United States: issues and policies

    Despite relative affluence, workplace stress is a prominent feature of the US labour market. To the extent that job stress causes poor health outcomes – either directly through increased blood ressure, fatigue, muscle pain, etc. or indirectly through increased rates of cigarette smoking – policy to lessen job stress may be appropriate.

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  • 24-July-2014

    English

    Health, work and working conditions: a review of the European economic literature

    Economists have traditionally been very cautious when studying the interaction between employment and health because of the two-way causal relationship between these two variables: health status influences the probability of being employed and, at the same time, working affects the health status.

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  • 24-July-2014

    English

    Economic uncertainties and their impact on activity in Greece compared with Ireland and Portugal

    Uncertainty faced by households and firms affects economic activity. The rise in uncertainty since the beginning of the sovereign debt crisis in Greece could be one factor that has contributed to the steep and long-lasting recession. This paper presents a brief empirical analysis quantifying this phenomenon and compares it with developments in Ireland and Portugal.

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  • 24-July-2014

    English

    Deconstructing Canada’s housing markets: finance, affordability and urban sprawl

    House prices have increased significantly in Canada over the past decade, driving household debt and residential construction activity to historical highs.

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  • 24-July-2014

    English

    Making the best of new energy resources in the United States

    Since around 2007, the country has been enjoying an “energy renaissance” thanks to its abundant stocks of shale oil and gas. The resurgence in oil and gas production is beginning to create discernible economic impacts and has changed the landscape for natural gas prices in the United States, boosting competitiveness.

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  • 17-July-2014

    English

    The demand for skills 1995-2008: a global supply chain perspective

    Demand for jobs, characterized by skill type and industry of employment, is driven by changes in technology, trade and consumption. Using structural decomposition analysis, we study the relative importance of these drivers for the period 1995-2008.

  • 17-July-2014

    English

    International migration: the relationship with economic and policy factors in the home and destination country

    Unfavourable demographic trends in many OECD countries threaten the sustainability of potential labour resources, GDP growth and fiscal positions. One factor that is expected to mitigate these trends is continued inflows of migrant workers from low income economies.

  • 17-July-2014

    English

    Gross earning inequalities in OECD countries and major non-member economies: determinants and future scenarios

    Income and earning inequality has been on the rise in most of the OECD and in many emerging economies since the 1980s. This paper estimates a model of earnings inequality across OECD countries that incorporates determinants of relative demand and supply of more and less-skilled labour.

  • 17-July-2014

    English

    Women’s role in the Swiss economy

    Swiss women are now as well educated as their male counterparts. However, progress remains to be made in the job market where both the supply and price of female labour are below that of men.

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