Since the early 1990s, when France's general government deficit reached a disturbing 6% of GDP, the country's public finances have progressed substantially, even though significantly further improvement is required. This paper examines the tools available to policy makers to meet this challenge.
Key indicators show Germany belonging to the countries in the OECD with strong innovation activity even though some weakening in Germany’s position relative to other OECD countries has occurred recently, as discussed in this working paper.
English, , 326kb
Retirement incentives contained in old-age pensions and other social transfer programmes explain a sizeable share of past declines and current differences between countries in older males’ participation in the labour force. OECD Economics Studies No. 37.
Despite the recent enlargement of the EU, Central Europe faces sluggish growth prospects, unless labour-market policies are made more job-friendly, as discussed in this working paper.
English, , 140kb
OECD Economic Outlook No. 75, ch. VII. After nearly fifteen years of transition, the countries of Central Europe have entered the European Union on 1 May 2004. This chapter examines the consequences of this event for the four acceding countries that are members of the OECD (Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovak Republic).
English, , 180kb
Chapter IV of the OECD Economic Outlook No. 75. Buoyant house prices give a greater boost to consumer spending in countries with more diversified mortgage markets. But distortions to the housing market, such as tax breaks, should be avoided to counter excessive price volatility.
English, , 189kb
OECD Economic Outlook No. 75, chapter V. Narrowing the large current account deficit would require major changes to exchange rates, to fiscal policy or to the competitiveness of US exports - all of which would impose costs on the US and its on trading partners.
English, , 243kb
OECD Economic Outlook No. 75, chapter VI. A look at how stock market movements have affected government revenues in selected countries.
This working paper is part of the OECD's 2004 Economic Survey for Hungary and is one of a series of reviews on competition issues across OECD member countries.
English, , 167kb
OECD Economic Outlook No. 74, Chapter 6. Curbing the growth in public spending and raising its effectiveness require reforms to the budget process, public management process and greater use of market signals.