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Over the last decade, the growth performance of the Finnish economy has been among the most impressive in the OECD, but key challenges need to be addressed to broaden and enhance growth potential, raise the employment rate, and ensure the sustainability of public finances.
Is fiscal consolidation ambitious enough? How can public sector reform make fiscal policy more effective? Does the tax system need further reform? Can the efficiency of health and long-term care spending be raised? Should pension reform continue?
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Retirement incentives contained in old-age pensions and other social transfer programmes explain a sizeable share of past declines and current differences between countries in older males’ participation in the labour force. OECD Economics Studies No. 37.
Despite the recent enlargement of the EU, Central Europe faces sluggish growth prospects, unless labour-market policies are made more job-friendly, as discussed in this working paper.
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OECD Economic Outlook No. 75, ch. VII. After nearly fifteen years of transition, the countries of Central Europe have entered the European Union on 1 May 2004. This chapter examines the consequences of this event for the four acceding countries that are members of the OECD (Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovak Republic).
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Chapter IV of the OECD Economic Outlook No. 75. Buoyant house prices give a greater boost to consumer spending in countries with more diversified mortgage markets. But distortions to the housing market, such as tax breaks, should be avoided to counter excessive price volatility.
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OECD Economic Outlook No. 75, chapter V. Narrowing the large current account deficit would require major changes to exchange rates, to fiscal policy or to the competitiveness of US exports - all of which would impose costs on the US and its on trading partners.
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OECD Economic Outlook No. 75, chapter VI. A look at how stock market movements have affected government revenues in selected countries.
This working paper is part of the OECD's 2004 Economic Survey for Hungary and is one of a series of reviews on competition issues across OECD member countries.
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OECD Economic Outlook No. 74, Chapter 6. Curbing the growth in public spending and raising its effectiveness require reforms to the budget process, public management process and greater use of market signals.