Publications & Documents


  • 2-January-2012

    English

    Russia: progress in structural reform and framework conditions

    In the 16 years since the OECD began conducting Economic Surveys of the Russian Federation, a great many policy recommendations relating to structural reform and framework conditions have been made.

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  • 2-January-2012

    English

    Explaining the interest-rate-growth differential underlying government debt dynamics

    The differential between the interest rate paid to service government debt and the growth rate of the economy is a key concept in assessing fiscal sustainability.

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  • 2-January-2012

    English

    Public spending efficiency in the Czech Republic: fiscal policy framework and the main spending areas of pensions and healthcare

    The Czech fiscal position is generally sound and policy making is prudent. However, the fiscal framework was not strong enough to contain spending in the upturn and it would benefit from independent budget oversight.

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  • 22-December-2011

    English

    The Future of Families to 2030

    Since the 1960s the family in the OECD area has undergone significant transformation. In many countries, the extended family has all but disappeared, and the traditional two-parent family has become much less widespread as divorce rates, re-marriages, cohabitation, single parenthood and same-sex partnerships have all increased.  With rising migration, cultures and values have become more diverse, with some ethnic minorities evolving as parallel family cultures while others intermingle with mainstream cultures through mixed-race marriages. Families have seen more mothers take up work in the labour market, their adolescents spend longer and longer in education and training, and the elderly members of the family live longer and, increasingly, alone.  The repercussions of these changes on housing, pensions, health and long-term care, on labour markets, education and public finances, have been remarkable. Recent demographic projections perfromed by many OECD countries suggest that the next 20 years are likely to see a continuation and even acceleration of changes in household and family structures.  In particular, the numbers and shares of single-adult and single-parent households are expected to increase significantly, as is the number of couples without children.

    This report explores likely future changes in family and household structures in OECD countries; identifies what appear to be the main forces shaping the family landscape between now and 2030; discusses the longer-term challenges for policy arising from those expected changes; and on the basis of the three subsequent thematic chapters, suggests policy options for managing the challenges on a sustainable basis.  

  • 21-December-2011

    English

    Current issues in managing government debt and assets

    The management of government debt and assets has important implications for fiscal positions.

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  • 19-December-2011

    English

    Employment Protection Legislation and Plant-Level Productivity in India

    Using plant-level data from the Annual Survey of Industries for the fiscal years 1998-99 through 2007-08, this study provides plant-level cross-state/time-series evidence of the impact of employment protection legislation on total factor productivity¨and labour productivity in India.

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  • 14-December-2011

    English

    Improving educational outcomes in Slovenia

    Overall, the education system fares well by international comparison. Slovenia has one of the highest shares of the population aged 25 to 64 to have completed at least upper secondary education, and ranks high in international educational achievement tests.

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  • 14-December-2011

    English

    Systemically important banks and capital regulation challenges

    Bank regulation might have contributed to or even reinforced adverse systemic shocks that materialised during the financial crisis.

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  • 13-December-2011

    English

  • 12-December-2011

    English

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