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Provisional estimates show that quarterly real gross domestic product (GDP) in the OECD area increased by 0.5% in the second quarter of 2013, up from 0.3% in the previous quarter. The OECD total was boosted by an acceleration of growth in most Major Seven economies.
This working paper presents the background and the details of the simulations behind Box 1.4 of the May 2013 OECD Economic Outlook. A small simulation model is used to evaluate the contribution that the three pillars of the government’s strategy – fiscal consolidation, growth-boosting structural reforms and higher inflation – could make to reversing the rise in Japan’s public debt ratio.
Combining existing information with a newly collected dataset, the paper develops indicators of the
performance and the institutional characteristics of OECD judicial systems.
Young people have been hit hard by unemployment during the Irish recession. While much research
has been undertaken to study the effects of the recession on overall labour market dynamics, little is known about the specific effects on youth unemployment and the associated challenges.
How far to go – and to remain – in the direction of highly expansionary monetary policy hinges on the balance of marginal benefits and costs of additional monetary easing and its expected evolution over time. This paper sketches a framework for assessing this balance and applies it to four OECD economic areas: the euro area, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States.
In the wake of the Great Recession, a massive monetary policy stimulus was provided in the main OECD
economies. It helped to stabilise financial markets and avoid deflation. Nonetheless, GDP growth has been sluggish and in some countries lower than expected given the measures taken, and estimated economic slack remains large.
Composite leading indicators (CLIs) continue to signal diverging growth patterns across major economies. The CLIs point to moderate improvements in growth in most major OECD countries but stabilising or slowing momentum in large emerging economies.
This paper analyses convergence in per capita gross regional product of Russia’s regions during the period 1995-2010, when regional data are available.
Important challenges for the future of Austrian well-being arise from demographic and environmental trends. The ageing of the population calls for a fair balance between life-time pension contributions and entitlements, drawing on the recent pension reform.
Austria enjoys strong material well-being and high quality of life. Steady convergence with top GDP
per capita levels translated into decisive improvements in household disposable incomes while significant redistribution has ensured low income inequality and poverty.