Publications & Documents


  • 12-January-2012

    English

    Fiscal consolidation: Part 3. Long-run projections and fiscal gap calculations

    During the economic and financial crisis, fiscal positions across the OECD countries deteriorated sharply. This raises the question of what level of primary deficit would ensure long-term sustainability and what degree of consolidation is needed.

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  • 12-January-2012

    English

    Less income inequality and more growth – are they compatible? Part 1. Mapping income inequality across the OECD

    Countries differ widely with respect to the level of labour income inequality among individuals of working age. Labour income inequality is shaped by differences in wage rates, hours worked and inactivity rates.

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  • 12-January-2012

    English

    The nature of financial and real business cycles: the great moderation and banking sector pro-cyclicality

    This paper takes a fresh look at the nature of financial and real business cycles in OECD countries using annual data series and shorter quarterly and monthly economic indicators.

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  • 11-January-2012

    English

    OECD Economic Survey of Chile launches Tuesday 17 January 2012

    The OECD’s latest economic survey of Chile, to be published on Tuesday 17 January 2012, discusses the country’s recovery from the global economic crisis and looks at the major challenges as growth slows worldwide.

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  • 2-January-2012

    English

    Exploring determinants of subjective wellbeing in OECD countries – evidence from the World Value Survey

    The paper explores issues with assessing wellbeing in OECD countries based on self-reported life satisfaction surveys in a pooled regression over time and countries, at the country level and the OECD average.

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  • 2-January-2012

    English

    Russia: progress in structural reform and framework conditions

    In the 16 years since the OECD began conducting Economic Surveys of the Russian Federation, a great many policy recommendations relating to structural reform and framework conditions have been made.

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  • 2-January-2012

    English

    Explaining the interest-rate-growth differential underlying government debt dynamics

    The differential between the interest rate paid to service government debt and the growth rate of the economy is a key concept in assessing fiscal sustainability.

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  • 2-January-2012

    English

    Public spending efficiency in the Czech Republic: fiscal policy framework and the main spending areas of pensions and healthcare

    The Czech fiscal position is generally sound and policy making is prudent. However, the fiscal framework was not strong enough to contain spending in the upturn and it would benefit from independent budget oversight.

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  • 22-December-2011

    English

    The Future of Families to 2030

    Since the 1960s the family in the OECD area has undergone significant transformation. In many countries, the extended family has all but disappeared, and the traditional two-parent family has become much less widespread as divorce rates, re-marriages, cohabitation, single parenthood and same-sex partnerships have all increased.  With rising migration, cultures and values have become more diverse, with some ethnic minorities evolving as parallel family cultures while others intermingle with mainstream cultures through mixed-race marriages. Families have seen more mothers take up work in the labour market, their adolescents spend longer and longer in education and training, and the elderly members of the family live longer and, increasingly, alone.  The repercussions of these changes on housing, pensions, health and long-term care, on labour markets, education and public finances, have been remarkable. Recent demographic projections perfromed by many OECD countries suggest that the next 20 years are likely to see a continuation and even acceleration of changes in household and family structures.  In particular, the numbers and shares of single-adult and single-parent households are expected to increase significantly, as is the number of couples without children.

    This report explores likely future changes in family and household structures in OECD countries; identifies what appear to be the main forces shaping the family landscape between now and 2030; discusses the longer-term challenges for policy arising from those expected changes; and on the basis of the three subsequent thematic chapters, suggests policy options for managing the challenges on a sustainable basis.  

  • 21-December-2011

    English

    Current issues in managing government debt and assets

    The management of government debt and assets has important implications for fiscal positions.

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