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English, , 470kb
To address the current issues, this chapter starts by looking at simple ways of estimating the possible impact of recent increases in real energy and capital costs on potential growth.
The aim of the recent healthcare reform was to increase the sustainability of healthcare finances, by reducing its negative impact on employment and increasing cost-effectiveness via enhanced competition, as discussed in this working paper.
This working paper suggests that while student achievement is above the OECD average in science and at the OECD average in reading and math according to the 2006 PISA study, weaker students tend to do badly by international comparison.
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This note reports empirical work to quantify the relationship between permits and housing investment.
English, , 114kb
A three-day international workshop on innovation and the global impact of high-growth small and medium-sized firms (SMEs), organized by OECD with the Kauffman Foundation in Kansas City, hailed entrepreneurship and the fast growth of innovative small firms as the engines of economic growth.
The financial crisis did not spare the French economy, which is facing a deep recession in 2009, even if the situation is less severe than elsewhere. Once the recovery begins, a priority will be to phase out the general government budget deficit but, given the already very heavy burden of taxes and compulsory contributions, public finance consolidation will require strict control over expenditures.
Despite the great progress France has made in opening its markets for goods and services, and in strengthening the overall framework for competition, there are still regulatory barriers to entry in many sectors, particularly in retail trade and various professional services. The emergence of real competition in the retail market for gas and electricity and in telecommunications (provision of high speed Internet through a fibre optics
France has seen a marked decline in its export performance, which is related to a series of factors, rather than to any single cause. Restoring competitiveness will require steps to strengthen the country’s growth potential and to address the main long term determinants of that potential, such as fostering research and development, promoting innovation, reducing the tax burden, boosting competition and creating favourable conditions
The authorities have undertaken numerous structural reforms since the last OECD Economic Survey was published in June 2007 and many of those reforms go in the direction of the recommendations offered at that time. These efforts will have to be pursued and the momentum of reform maintained, with the greatest challenge being to raise the employment rate of youths and seniors in order to restore the health of public finances and sustain
Several emerging-market economies have adopted inflation targeting as their institutional framework for conducting monetary policy. This volume focuses on the experiences of Brazil, Chile, Czech Republic, Indonesia, South Africa, and Turkey.