Publications & Documents


  • 27-November-2015

    English

    The Experience of Middle-Income Countries Participating in PISA 2000-2015

    This report provides a systematic review and empirical evidence related to the experiences of middle-income countries and economies participating in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2000 to 2015. PISA is a triennial survey that aims to evaluate education systems worldwide by testing the skills and knowledge of 15-year-old students. To date, students representing more than 70 countries and economies have participated in the assessment, including 44 middle-income countries, many of which are developing countries receiving foreign aid. This report provides answers to six important questions about these middle-income countries and their experiences of participating in PISA: What is the extent of developing country participation in PISA and other international learning assessments? Why do these countries join PISA? What are the financial, technical, and cultural challenges for their participation in PISA? What impact has participation had on their national assessment capacity? How have PISA results influenced their national policy discussions? And what does PISA data tell us about education in these countries and the policies and practices that influence student performance?

    The findings of this report are being used by the OECD to support its efforts to make PISA more relevant to a wider range of countries, and by the World Bank as part of its on-going dialogue with its client countries regarding participation in international large-scale assessments.

  • 25-November-2015

    English

    Beyond the Crisis: New Approaches to Current and Future Economic Challenges - NAEC Seminar

    It is a real pleasure to join you today in discussing one of the most important initiatives of the OECD, the "New Approaches to Economic Challenges" (NAEC). We undertook this initiative in response to the crisis, with the purpose of doing some soul-searching, learning from the past, and updating our analytical frameworks in order to address the present and, above all, the future.

  • 25-November-2015

    English

    Chile: Improving opportunities for all is key to a more inclusive and productive economy

    A long period of economic expansion in Chile has raised living standards and dramatically reduced poverty, but more needs to be done now to ensure that the country is in a position to move to a stronger, more inclusive and sustainable growth path, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Chile.

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  • 25-November-2015

    English

    Economic Survey of Chile 2015

    Chile has made major gains in prosperity. Continued reforms to labour markets will help growth to be shared more equally. Ensuring that economic gains are sustainable will require sustained efforts to foster entrepreneurship and innovation.

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  • 20-November-2015

    English

    The negative effect of regulatory divergence on foreign direct investment

    The determinants of foreign direct investment (FDI) are explored with gravity models, using a Poisson estimator and a linear estimator, both with fixed effects.

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  • 19-November-2015

    English

    GDP Growth - Third quarter 2015, OECD

    OECD GDP growth slows to 0.4% in the third quarter of 2015

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  • 18-November-2015

    English

    Institutions of Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations - Challenges Ahead

    Intergovernmental fiscal institutions are the overarching framework for relations across government levels. They comprise the constitutional set up of a country; the division of power between government levels; the prevalence of fiscal rules across government levels; intergovernmental budget frameworks; the role of independent bodies such as fiscal councils in shaping fiscal relations; the inter-ministerial organisation of fiscal decision making; and other framework conditions shaping intergovernmental fiscal relations and fiscal policy. This book brings together academics and practitioners dealing with or being involved in shaping the institutions of intergovernmental fiscal relations. It has an interdisciplinary focus and provides insight from various academic or practitioners’ fields: economists, political scientists, budget management specialists and others.
     

  • 17-November-2015

    English

    Enhancing competitiveness, purchasing power and employment by increasing competition in France

    Over the past decade, France has substantially eased the burden of anti competitive regulations and effectively enforced competition law against anti-competitive practices.

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  • 17-November-2015

    English

    Labour market reform for more and better quality jobs in Italy

    A well-functioning labour market is indispensable to promote job creation, increase living standards, and develop a cohesive society. In Italy, the various deficiencies of the labour market have resulted in high unemployment, low labour force participation and job-skill mismatch.

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  • 12-November-2015

    English, PDF, 1,805kb

    Frontier firms, technology diffusion and public policy: Micro evidence from OECD countries

    This paper analyses the characteristics of firms that operate at the global productivity frontier and their relationship with other firms in the economy, focusing on the diffusion of global productivity gains and the policies that faciliate it.

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