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The government’s health reform programme since 2000 has covered many aspects of the organisation of health care and was accompanied by a sizeable increase in spending on healthcare. Many of these reforms have the potential to improve the efficiency and responsiveness of the health care system and ultimately health outcomes. This chapter provides an overview of the organisation and financing of the National Health Service, reviews its
While the immediate imperative is to tackle the financial crisis and to steer the economy through the current downturn, there are also a number of longer-term challenges that need to be addressed to foster a robust and sustainable recovery. In particular assistance for young and low skilled workers needs to be enhanced and the performance of the education sector also needs to be improved.
The UK financial market has been severely affected by the financial market crisis. The crisis has exposed weaknesses in the supervisory framework as well as that for crisis management and resolution. This chapter reviews the supervisory and regulatory framework and the many reforms that have already been adopted to remedy these weaknesses. It also provides recommendations for further reforms.
English, , 349kb
Special chapter from Economic Outlook No. 85, June 2009.
In his introductory remarks at the Paris Conference for Long-Term Value & Economic Stability, Angel Gurría talks about the importance of long-term investments and their capacity to help to bring back confidence and to achieve long-term sustainable development throughout the world
Summary of Economic Surveys: Italy
How is the recession affecting Italy’s fiscal situation? What steps should the government take when the economy recovers? How healthy are Italy’s banks? What regulatory reforms are needed? What about plans for fiscal federalism? How does Italy’s education measure up?
Despite the improvement in regulatory indicators, overall productivity performance has improved very little in Italy. This chapter reviews a number of possible structural explanations.
English, , 357kb
Italy is facing a difficult period. The economy is in a sharp recession, mainly because of external developments linked to the global financial crisis, and there is great uncertainty about the strength and timing of the recovery.
Italy is suffering a serious economic recession, which started earlier than elsewhere but has now accelerated following the downturn elsewhere and collapse in world trade.