Publications & Documents


  • 18-July-2013

    English

    Multi-dimensional Review of Myanmar - Volume 1. Initial Assessment

    This volume is the first of the OECD Development Pathways, a new series that looks at multiple development objectives beyond an exclusive focus on growth. The series starts with Myanmar, a country to be covered for the first time by the OECD. This initial assessment shows that Myanmar’s success in achieving stable and sustainable growth will depend vitally on its ability to develop the institutional and social capital necessary to maintain macroeconomic and financial stability, to ensure the rule of law, to achieve environmentally sustainable development and to create an enabling environment for the private sector. To be sustainable, growth also needs to be more equitable and inclusive. Seizing the momentum created by the country’s opening and internal peace process will be imperative. Moreover, Myanmar’s increasing population provides a demographic dividend which needs to be reaped in the next couple of decades to boost the potential of the economy. After that, the population will begin ageing and Myanmar risks getting old before the incomes and living standards of its people can significantly improve.

  • 16-July-2013

    English

    Policies to support sustainable long-term growth in New Zealand

    As its workforce ages and major economies shift towards producing higher value-added goods and services, New Zealand will face increasing challenges to remain globally competitive and maintain high living standards. Future growth will need to come increasingly from productivity gains, and resources will have to shift towards activities that rely more on skills, technology and intangible assets.

  • 9-July-2013

    English

    Do structural policies affect macroeconomic stability?

    Using a panel of OECD countries, this study assesses the linkages between structural policies and macroeconomic stability. Business cycle and time-series characteristics of GDP and its components are employed to define various measures for economic instability and for the persistence of adverse shocks.

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  • 3-July-2013

    English

    A simple fiscal stress testing model - case studies of Austrian, Czech and German economies

    This paper develops a simple model-based framework for stress testing fiscal consolidation strategies under different scenarios of future shocks

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  • 2-July-2013

    English

    Fiscal consolidation across government levels. Part 3: Intergovernmental grants, pro- or counter-cyclical?

    This paper provides empirical analysis that measures the cyclical properties of intergovernmental transfers (or grants). Modelling a fiscal policy reaction function this paper tests whether the transfers systems in OECD countries are pro- or counter-cyclical, i.e. whether they offset cyclical fluctuations of sub-central economies or, on the contrary, exacerbate them.

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  • 2-July-2013

    English

    Fiscal consolidation across government levels. Part 2: Fiscal rules for sub-central governments, update of the institutional indicator

    Fiscal rules that constrain sub-central government (SCG) budgeting are very common across the OECD, but there are substantial cross-country differences in their implementation and impact. This paper presents the 2011 update of the fiscal rules database established in 2005.

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  • 2-July-2013

    English

    Fiscal consolidation across government levels. Part 1: How much, what policies?

    This paper provides an overview of fiscal consolidation efforts at the central and sub-central government level, both during the current and past consolidation episodes.

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  • 2-July-2013

    English

    Restructuring the electricity sector and promoting green growth in Japan

    The 2011 disaster and nuclear problems opened the door to a new energy policy, as they raised fundamental questions about the electricity system’s ability to prevent and respond to accidents.

  • 2-July-2013

    English

    Labour market policies to promote growth and social cohesion in Korea

    Labour market reform to improve growth prospects and reduce inequality is a top priority in the face of rapid population ageing and a dualistic labour market. Sustaining output growth requires policies to mitigate the impact of rapid population ageing by increasing labour inputs from under-employed segments of the population.

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  • 2-July-2013

    English

    Choosing fiscal consolidation instruments compatible with growth and equity

    This study proposes a structured approach to selecting instruments of fiscal consolidation that are consistent with growth, equity and global-rebalancing objectives, which is then illustrated with a particular application.

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