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Presenting the Economic Survey of the Czech Republic at a high level seminar in Prague, A. Gurría suggested the creation of a "watchdog" to monitor the fiscal policy process in order to make it easier to avoid overspending in good times and thus to limit deficit bias.
The German banking system came under pressure during the financial crisis, not least due to its significant exposure to toxic assets which originated in the US.
Past consolidation has allowed the automatic stabilisers operate fully during the crisis. Further fiscal easing in late 2008 and early 2009 contributed to a markedly widening fiscal deficit in 2010.
The German job market has weathered the crisis well, said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría. Presenting the Economic Survey of Germany in Berlin, he said structural reforms were needed to ensure the sustainability of public finances and of long term growth. Stimulating domestic investment would help reduce the current account surplus, he added.
Unemployment has fallen significantly prior to the crisis, not least due to past labour market reforms, and has remained surprisingly stable during this recession – both relative to past experience and vis à vis other OECD countries.
The potential growth rate of the economy has been low for a long time and the crisis has had a further adverse impact.
Eine auf Innovation, Bildung und mehr Wettbewerb im Binnenmarkt gestützte Wirtschaftspolitik kann Deutschland zu einer stärkeren und ausgeglicheneren Wirtschaft führen. Die Arbeitsmarktpolitik sollte nun den Weg für nötige Strukturanpassungen bereiten, die Fiskalpolitik braucht eine spezifische Exit-Strategie und muss sich in den kommenden Jahren auf die Konsolidierung der öffentlichen Haushalte konzentrieren.
Chinese, , 597kb
如今，中国成为全球第二大经济体，它的需求对于拉动诸多国家的复苏而言发挥着举足轻重的作用。本文借鉴了OECD 几个星期前刚刚发布的中国经济全面评估报告，希望对中国发展高层论坛2010 年会“中国和世界经济：增长·调整·合作”有所贡献。中国的经济增长在不断刷新历史记 录，本文不仅着重探讨了这种增长表现得最为突出的特点，而且指出了中国希望维持快速增长时应该解决的问题。
English, , 1,456kb
The world’s second-largest economy is helping drive the global recovery. But to sustain high growth and social cohesion, China needs to continue rebalancing its economy by boosting public spending on human capital and social services, and further reforming pensions and health care.
English, , 175kb
The global crisis has resulted in a sharp increase in government indebtedness in many G20 countries. Comprehensive fiscal consolidation strategies are therefore needed to preserve market confidence and pave the way for stronger, more balanced growth in the years to come.