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Fiscal equalisation is a transfer of fiscal resources across jurisdictions to offset disparities in revenue raising capacity or public service cost. It covers on average 2.5% of GDP or 5% of total government expenditure across OECD countries.
The aim of this paper is to analyze the relation between the volatility of government consumption and country size. The results are robust to different time and country samples, different econometric techniques and to several sets of control variables.
Euro Area entry calls for more fiscal flexibility to absorb cyclical shocks that cannot be dealt with by the common monetary policy. At the same time fiscal consolidation must not be put at risk, especially given rising ageing related costs.
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Chapter 1 from Going for Growth 2009 reviews how the current recession affects the prospect for structural reform and then explores which of the policy priorities identified in the current volume to boost long-term growth are most likely to stimulate demand in the near term.
This paper analyzes the effects of fiscal convergence on business cycle volatility and growth. Our empirical results are economically and statistically significant, and robust.
The aim of this paper is to assess the ability of social spending to smooth output shocks and to provide stabilization. The results show that overall social spending is able to smooth about 16 percent of a shock to GDP.
Korea has one of the lowest tax burdens in the OECD area, reflecting its small public sector. However, rapid population ageing will put upward pressure on government spending.
This overview paper examines the financial crisis in light of past country experience and economic theory and sets out some preliminary policy recommendations.
The fiscal deficit has been gradually brought down even in the midst of a deep recession, pro-cyclical fiscal tightening continued. Fiscal sustainability is aimed to be restored by the recent reforms.
In spite of improvements, on various measures of health outcomes the United States appears to rank relatively poorly among OECD countries. Health expenditures, in contrast, are significantly higher than in any other OECD country.