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This paper depicts the rapid development and transformation of the Chinese economy so far and discusses how to sustain vigorous and inclusive growth.
The world economy continues to recover but there is still a considerable dispersion in performance across countries and regions. Dynamic economies, led by China and India, are expected to expand at over 7 percent in both 2011 and 2012. In contrast, OECD countries will expand by only 2.3 percent in 2011 and 2.8 percent in 2012.
Slovenia has been hit hard by the global crisis, but started to recover gradually. This Survey discusses policies to rapidly rebalance the Slovenian economy, restore competitiveness, improve the performance of the education system, and create a friendlier environment for foreign direct investmen
As a result of reforms and financial sector development, the People’s Bank of China (PBoC) now exerts significant control over money market interest rates.
Turkey is recovering from its most severe recession in several decades.
English, , 546kb
This chapter discusses the size of current consolidation requirements and the pace at which budget positions should be strengthened in the context of a set of macroeconomic projections to 2025.
Large shifts in countries’ external current account positions can be disruptive, often reflecting sudden stops in the flows of external finance and leading to exchange rate and banking crises.
“Simply stabilizing debt relative to GDP in most countries will require a historical consolidation effort of anywhere from 6 to 9% of GDP (...) But in fact, even more is needed to bring debt back to sustainable levels.” said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría.
Despite major progress over the last decade, more reforms are needed to meet Indonesia’s medium-term objectives for growth and poverty reduction. The Survey reviews the main challenges in the areas of energy subsidies, infrastructure, labour markets, education, health care and social protection.
The economy is recovering from an externally driven recession. Public spending growth must be restrained as planned starting in 2011 to put public finances onto a sustainable path, including in the health sector where efficiency gains and quality improvements are possible.