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  • 14-March-2013

    English

    Labour market, welfare reform and inequality in the United Kingdom

    Employment has risen by more and unemployment has risen less than expected, given the path of output. Nevertheless, long-term and youth unemployment and involuntary part-time work are high. A polarised labour market risks worsening income inequality, which is high by OECD standards, despite a recent and likely temporary decline.

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  • 14-March-2013

    English

    Policy options to durably resolve euro area imbalances

    A simple econometric framework is presented linking current account balances of euro area countries to intra and extra euro area competitiveness, cyclical positions, fiscal positions and the oil price.

  • 7-March-2013

    English

    Mineral Resource Trade in Chile: Contribution to Development and Policy Implications

    Instead of resorting to trade measures such as export restrictions, Chile manages its minerals sector through a combination of balanced taxation, stable investment measures, good management of tax revenue, exchange rate policy and initiatives aimed at producing a multiplier effect of economy-wide development, according to this study.

  • 6-March-2013

    English

    The price of oil – will it start rising again?

    Following a sharp drop amidst the global economic crisis and a subsequent recovery, the spot price of crude oil has been broadly stable for the past couple of years. This paper discusses the factors that drive oil demand and supply and, hence, the price of the resource.

  • 27-February-2013

    English

    The system of revenue sharing and fiscal transfers in China

    The main features of China’s current sub-national finance arrangements date back to the 1994 tax reform. China has a multi-level government structure that shares national tax revenues through a system of tax sharing and transfers, and divides spending assignments and responsibilities.

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  • 27-February-2013

    English

    A clean energy economy - Lessons from Iceland

    In his speech to OECD Ambassadors, the President of Iceland discussed how Iceland could offer lessons on the nature of a clean energy economy; and presented some insights from Iceland's recent challenges in dealing with the financial crisis.

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  • 27-February-2013

    English

    OECD government borrowing set to rise slightly in 2013

    The gross borrowing needs of OECD governments are projected to increase slightly to around USD 10.9 trillion in 2013, up from the already high level of USD 10.8 trillion in 2012, according to a new OECD report.

  • 26-February-2013

    English

    Do the average level and dispersion of socio-economic background measures explain France’s gap in PISA scores?

    OECD’s PISA publications highlight the impact of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) on students’ results within countries. The focus here is to investigate whether ESCS measures could contribute to differences in aggregate educational outcomes between countries.

  • 22-February-2013

    English

    Measuring Fiscal Decentralisation, Concepts and Policies

    This book deals with two issues. The first concerns the various measurement of fiscal decentralization in general and their usefulness for policy analysis. The second and more specific issue concerns the taxonomy of intergovernmental grants and the limits of the current classifications.

  • 22-February-2013

    English

    Moving towards a single labour contract: pros, cons and mixed feelings

    This paper discusses the pros and cons of a single labour contract. After reviewing the current state of dualism in labour markets and the recent labour reforms in Europe, we discuss the various proposals to eliminate dualism.

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