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House prices have increased significantly in Canada over the past decade, driving household debt and residential construction activity to historical highs.
In Norway house prices have risen to high levels, associated with very strong credit growth, in a context of low interest rates. Such a combination was in many countries a contributory factor to the 2008-09 crisis.
Canada’s economic growth remains solid. However, the energy-sector boom has widened regional disparities and raised environmental challenges. House prices and household debt have increased to high levels. Skills shortages have emerged.
The prospective normalisation of monetary policies in the main OECD areas will be challenging given that current policy rates are likely to be significantly below neutral levels and that central bank balance sheets will be above the pre-crisis levels by a wide margin.
English, Excel, 625kb
Statistical Annex tables in Excel format from OECD Economic Outlook. This file includes tables on compensation per employee in the business sector; labour productivity in the business sector; unemployment rates: commonly used definitions; standardised unemployment rates; labour force, employment and unemployment; GDP deflators; private consumption deflators; consumer prices indices; and oil and other primary commodity markets.
English, Excel, 387kb
Statistical Annex tables in Excel format from OECD Economic Outlook. This file includes tables on short-term interest rates, long-term interest rates, nominal exchange rates (vis-à-vis the US dollar), and effective exchange rates.
English, Excel, 145kb
Statistical Annex tables in Excel format from OECD Economic Outlook. This file includes tables on household saving rates and gross national saving.
Ensuring tax and transfer systems bring sufficient revenue to reach macroeconomic fiscal targets, address societal goals in re-distribution and social welfare, recognise the influence taxation has on businesses’ competitiveness and adequately address environmental externalities is a tough challenge, arguably more so in Israel than in many other OECD countries.
This paper surveys recent international developments concerning the prudential regulation of financial institutions: banks, the shadow banking system and insurance companies. It concludes that, while substantial progress has been made, the global economy nevertheless remains vulnerable to possible future financial instability.
This series makes available, to a wider readership, selected studies which the Department has prepared for use within OECD.