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This paper surveys recent international developments concerning the prudential regulation of financial institutions: banks, the shadow banking system and insurance companies. It concludes that, while substantial progress has been made, the global economy nevertheless remains vulnerable to possible future financial instability.
The present issue covers the outlook to end 2015 for both OECD countries and selected non OECD economies. Together with a wide range of cross-country statistics, the Outlook provides a unique tool to keep abreast of world economic developments.
This series makes available, to a wider readership, selected studies which the Department has prepared for use within OECD.
Brazil has made remarkable progress in reducing poverty and inequality. This reduction is explained by strong growth but also by effective social policies. Besides growth, public services and cash transfers have played the biggest role, the latter notably through the successful "Bolsa Familia" programme.
This paper reviews the state of the banking sector in Europe. At the aggregate level, the empirical data suggest that the Baltics, Cyprus, Greece and Ireland, in particular, are hit by a strong decline in lending in the wake of the financial crisis.
English, Excel, 140kb
Statistical Annex tables in Excel format from OECD Economic Outlook. This file includes tables on household saving rates and gross national saving.
English, Excel, 377kb
Statistical Annex tables in Excel format from OECD Economic Outlook. This file includes tables on short-term interest rates, long-term interest rates, nominal exchange rates (vis-à-vis the US dollar), and effective exchange rates.
English, Excel, 604kb
Statistical Annex tables in Excel format from OECD Economic Outlook. This file includes tables on compensation per employee in the business sector; labour productivity in the business sector; unemployment rates: commonly used definitions; standardised unemployment rates; labour force, employment and unemployment; GDP deflators; private consumption deflators; consumer prices indices; and oil and other primary commodity markets.
This working paper presents the background and the details of the simulations behind Box 1.4 of the May 2013 OECD Economic Outlook. A small simulation model is used to evaluate the contribution that the three pillars of the government’s strategy – fiscal consolidation, growth-boosting structural reforms and higher inflation – could make to reversing the rise in Japan’s public debt ratio.
How far to go – and to remain – in the direction of highly expansionary monetary policy hinges on the balance of marginal benefits and costs of additional monetary easing and its expected evolution over time. This paper sketches a framework for assessing this balance and applies it to four OECD economic areas: the euro area, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States.