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Maintaining high participation and employment in the face of the current recession and a rapidly ageing population are major challenges for policy makers. The recession of the early 1990s showed that high unemployment can leave long–lasting scars on labour markets.
The Indonesian labour market is segmented, with a majority of workers engaged in informal sector occupations, and earnings data are available only for formal sector workers (salaried employees). This posed problems for the estimation of earnings equations.
"Governments need to take quick and decisive action to avoid the financial crisis becoming a fully-blown social crisis with scarring effects on vulnerable workers and low income households," OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría told G8 Labour and Employment Ministers in Rome today.
This paper assesses the quantitative importance of the working-age population broken down by age, gender and education in explaining differences in employment and productivity levels across countries.
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Against the background of a stronger need for reform in the wake of the crisis, this chapter assesses the progress that each country has made over the past five years in a broad range of structural policy areas where government action could boost long-term growth.
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OECD countries have taken a wide range of measures in response to the crisis, notably in the areas of infrastructure investment, taxes, the labour market, regulatory reforms and trade policy. This chapter assesses the expected effects of these measures on long-run income levels.
As in other catch-up countries inflation is likely to stay high going forward due to nominal convergence in Slovakia.
The Australian education system fares well in international comparison with regards to PISA test scores and the higher education system attracts an increasing number of foreign students. However, a number of challenges need to be addressed.
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This note, taken from Chapter 3 of Economic Policy Reforms: Going for Growth 2009, contains information about the progress in implementing reforms in line with the 2008 priorities for Finland.
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This note, taken from Chapter 3 of Economic Policy Reforms: Going for Growth 2009, contains information about the progress in implementing reforms in line with the 2008 priorities for Japan.