Beyond usual determinants of trade such as GDP, distance, contiguity, free trade areas and language, this analysis mainly focuses on the role of product market regulation stringency and heterogeneity, and on the role of employment protection.
English, PDF, 1,155kb
In a majority of OECD countries, GDP growth over the past three decades has been associated with growing income disparities. To shed some lights on the potential sources of trade-offs between growth and equity, this paper investigates the long-run impact of structural reforms on GDP per capita and household income distribution.
English, PDF, 549kb
As environmental pressures continue to rise, governments throughout the OECD area have not been sitting back. If anything, the stringency of their policy measures has been increasing on the whole, not least to combat pollution and climate change. And as the evidence shows, stringent environmental policies can be introduced without hurting overall productivity.
Do environmental policies matter for productivity growth? This study presents new evidence on the role of environmental policies – stringency, as well as design and implementation features - for productivity growth.
The analysis suggests that over the next 50 years, the geographical centre of trade will continue to shift from OECD to non-OECD regions reflecting faster growth in non-OECD countries.
English, Excel, 1,205kb
Statistical Annex tables in Excel format from OECD Economic Outlook. These tables cover export volumes of goods and services, import volumes of goods and services, export prices of goods and services, import prices of goods and services, competitive positions: relative consumer prices, competitive positions: relative unit labour costs, export performance for total goods and services, shares in world exports and imports, geographic
English, Excel, 623kb
Statistical Annex tables in Excel format from OECD Economic Outlook. This file includes tables on compensation per employee in the business sector; labour productivity in the business sector; unemployment rates: commonly used definitions; standardised unemployment rates; labour force, employment and unemployment; GDP deflators; private consumption deflators; consumer prices indices; and oil and other primary commodity markets.
English, Excel, 1,528kb
Statistical Annex tables in Excel format from OECD Economic Outlook. This file includes tables on quarterly demand and output projections; quarterly price, cost and unemployment projections; contributions to changes in real GDP in OECD countries; household wealth and indebtedness; central government financial balances;Maastricht definition of general government gross public debt; and monetary and credit aggregates: recent trends.
The global economy remains stuck in low gear, but is expected to accelerate gradually if countries implement growth-supportive policies. Widening differences across countries and regions are adding to the major risks on the horizon.
Structural transformation towards a more knowledge-based economy will strengthen Spain’s medium-term growth prospects. To deal with long standing impediments to higher growth the government has a substantial structural reform programme touching on education, the labour market and the business environment.