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This paper discusses how governments can “seize the moment” of the economic crisis to suggest and implement structural reforms. It examines the particular challenges to reform – and possible solutions to those challenges.
The Economics Department organised a seminar on 24 September 2009 to bridge this gap in the policy debate by identifying potential sources of growth in Brazil, China, India, Indonesia and South Africa, as well as policy challenges for sustaining long-term growth in these countries.
Why are some policy reforms implemented while others languish? This new report aims to answer this important question by looking backwards -- at 20 structural reform efforts in 10 OECD countries, during the past two decades. This page presents the principle messages of the study.
Why are some policy reforms implemented while others languish? This new report aims to answer this important question by looking backwards - at 20 structural reform efforts in 10 OECD countries, during the past two decades. The case studies cover a wide variety of reform attempts in three key areas - pensions, labour-, and product-market regulation.
Greek health outcomes compare favourably with the OECD average. However, the health care system is seen as not working well by the population. These and other issues are discussed in this working paper.
Meeting of NERO, 21 September 2009
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We assess fiscal policy from the perspective of fairness between generations and the relationship between this and national saving, in the context where the United Kingdom is the lowest-saving of all the OECD economies.
This working paper suggests that restoring competitiveness will require strengthening France's growth potential and to address the main long term determinants of that potential, such as fostering R&D, promoting innovation, reducing the tax burden, boosting competition and so on.
Labour market outcomes have improved markedly in the past years as the beneficial effects of the economic upswing were reinforced by important structural reforms.
This paper provides an overview of the organisation and financing of the National Health Service, reviews its performance, assesses the reforms since the start of the decade and provides recommendations for further development.