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France has seen a marked decline in its export performance, which is related to a series of factors, rather than to any single cause. Restoring competitiveness will require steps to strengthen the country’s growth potential and to address the main long term determinants of that potential, such as fostering research and development, promoting innovation, reducing the tax burden, boosting competition and creating favourable conditions
The authorities have undertaken numerous structural reforms since the last OECD Economic Survey was published in June 2007 and many of those reforms go in the direction of the recommendations offered at that time. These efforts will have to be pursued and the momentum of reform maintained, with the greatest challenge being to raise the employment rate of youths and seniors in order to restore the health of public finances and sustain
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This paper examines whether regulation that is more conducive to competitive and efficient financial systems has a significant positive impact on sectoral output and productivity growth in a sample of 25 OECD countries. More specifically, following a methodology used by Rajan and Zingales (1998), the paper tests whether industries that depend more heavily on external sources of funding tend to grow faster in countries that have more
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This paper proposes a framework for projecting public health and long-term care expenditures. It considers demographic and other (non-demographic) drivers of expenditures. The paper extends demographic drivers by incorporating death-related costs and the health status of the population. Concerning health care, the projections incorporate income and the effects of technology cum relative prices. For long-term care, the effects of
Trends in demography, technology and costs will exert mounting and unaffordable pressures on health spending, underlining the need to control health care costs and to put limits on public coverage.
New Zealand’s living standards remain well below the OECD average, a situation attributable to low productivity, which in turn is related to economic geography as well as structural policy factors.
Remarks by Jørgen Elmeskov, OECD Acting Chief Economist at the OECD/IMF conference on structural reform in Europe on 17 March 2008.
The purpose of the workshop is to confront views and new results from model-based research regarding future GHG emissions trends, the appropriate policy instruments to achieve given targets and the incentives for countries to adopt them.
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This note, taken from Chapter 3 of Economic Policy Reforms: Going for Growth 2009, contains information about the progress in implementing reforms in line with the 2008 priorities for the United States.
Chapter 2 of the OECD Economic Policy Reforms: Going for growth 2008. This chapter contains information about the progress in implementing reforms in line with the 2007 priorities for individual OECD member countries and for the European Union. In addition to passing of legislation or other decisions to implement reforms, the notes record earlier stages of reform, such as government announcements, and draft legislation presented to