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This paper provides an overview of the organisation and financing of the National Health Service, reviews its performance, assesses the reforms since the start of the decade and provides recommendations for further development.
This paper surveys the empirical analysis of disaggregate data on growth. The aim is to identify how economic policy can affect the choices that have been identified as influences upon the rate of growth.
This paper surveys research that has undertaken empirical analysis of aggregate data. The focus of the survey is the identification of the factors that determine the rate of growth.
This paper provides a self-contained introduction to the economic modelling of growth and reviews the theoretical evidence on the extent of the link between taxation and growth.
After a decade of rapid growth, Russia has fallen into recession. The near term challenge is to limit the extent of the downturn, while beyond the crisis, a sounder growth model should be put in place.
This paper uses a large dataset combining census, household survey and budgetary data for nearly 4 000 Brazilian municipalities to estimate the impact of government spending on education and health outcomes.
Despite improvements in some areas, many aspects of Russia’s regulatory framework are still restrictive and economic performance could be enhanced by bringing regulation into line with best practices.
Despite improvements, the banking system remains underdeveloped and crisis-prone. The current crisis, albeit painful, may yield restructuring and new regulatory approaches that will be positive in the long run.
Our findings show that an increase in the minimum to mean wage ratio is associated with a net increase in employment: a rise in informal sector employment more than compensates for job losses in the formal sector.
This paper breaks new ground by providing comparable estimates of intergenerational wage and education persistence across 14 European OECD countries based on a new micro data from Eurostat.