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This paper examines the effect of economic crises on structural unemployment using an Autoregressive Distributed Lags model and accounting for the role of institutional settings.
While Mexico’s growth performance has gradually improved over the past decades, its convergence toward OECD countries has been less rapid than in several other emerging markets.
Despite progress over the past two decades Mexico’s health and education indicators remain well below the average of the OECD and some of its Latin American emerging market peers.
This paper shows that world demand (to which trade has become more responsive in recent decades) can explain most of the collapse in world trade, but that tight credit conditions have likely amplified the short-term trade response.
This working paper discusses what policy makers should do in order to restore balance in the Icelandic economy and lay out the foundations for a sustainable recovery.
English, , 2,925kb
This paper discusses how governments can “seize the moment” of the economic crisis to suggest and implement structural reforms. It examines the particular challenges to reform – and possible solutions to those challenges.
The Economics Department organised a seminar on 24 September 2009 to bridge this gap in the policy debate by identifying potential sources of growth in Brazil, China, India, Indonesia and South Africa, as well as policy challenges for sustaining long-term growth in these countries.
Japan’s health-care system should be improved by increasing its efficiency to limit costs, enhancing quality and reducing shortages. Moreover, universal coverage requires improving compliance in paying premiums.
Why are some policy reforms implemented while others languish? This new report aims to answer this important question by looking backwards -- at 20 structural reform efforts in 10 OECD countries, during the past two decades. This page presents the principle messages of the study.
Why are some policy reforms implemented while others languish? This new report aims to answer this important question by looking backwards - at 20 structural reform efforts in 10 OECD countries, during the past two decades. The case studies cover a wide variety of reform attempts in three key areas - pensions, labour-, and product-market regulation.