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Productivity growth has declined since the late 1990s, slowing the catching-up process. Structural reforms to strengthen competition, entrepreneurship and innovation would go a long way toward enhancing it.
An effort must be made to address Canada’s poor productivity performance given the ageing of the population, headwinds from international competitiveness and terms of trade shifts. Measures should provide an impetus for firms to innovate and strengthen tertiary education attainment rates.
Israel’s education system produces many tertiary graduates but there are wide gaps across society and core skills at secondary school are weak, as discussed in this working paper.
Despite some best-practice policies, challenges remain in raising employment and lowering poverty, particularly among Arab-Israeli and Ultra-orthodox households, as discussed in this working paper.
Maintaining high participation and employment in the face of the recent recession and a rapidly ageing population are major challenges for policy makers in Finland.
The transition paths from plan to market have varied markedly across countries.
Global external imbalances widened persistently over the last several years and have narrowed abruptly over the course of the financial crisis.
This paper presents a set of indicators to assess health care system performance. It also presents new comparative data on health care policies and institutions for OECD countries.
English, , 1,162kb
Special Chapter from Economic Outlook 87, May 2010