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This paper explores the impact of structural policies on saving, investment, and current accounts in OECD and non-OECD economies. Since the current account effects of structural reforms are often complex and ambiguous from a theoretical perspective, new OECD empirical analysis is carried out.
This paper uses a simple dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model to explore the qualitative impact of productivity shocks on current account positions via their impact on the saving behaviour of households.
People in OECD countries are healthier than ever before, as shown by longer life expectancy and lower mortality for diseases such as cancer. At the same time, total spending on health care now absorbs over 9% of GDP on average in the OECD.
English, , 867kb
Policy Note: Health care systems: getting more value for money
The Slovak economy is swiftly recovering from the crisis. This Survey discusses the main challenges going forward: countering the risk of increasing long term unemployment, bringing government finances back on a sustainable path and reaping the benefits of a transition to greener growth.
This paper describes the sources and methods used to construct the trade matrices of the OECD trade system.
Despite major progress over the last decade, more reforms are needed to meet Indonesia’s medium-term objectives for growth and poverty reduction. The Survey reviews the main challenges in the areas of energy subsidies, infrastructure, labour markets, education, health care and social protection.
Indonesia has made considerable progress over the years in improving the social conditions of its population, especially among disadvantaged groups, not least by raising government spending and strengthening social protection programmes.
The United States faces challenging budgetary prospects, as do most other OECD countries. The federal budget deficit widened considerably during the recession, reaching about 10% of GDP in both 2009 and 2010, reflecting the operation of automatic stabilizers and the policy response to the crisis
In this paper the recently updated product market regulation (PMR) indicators are extended beyond OECD member countries - including accession and enhanced engagement countries.