By Date


  • 24-July-2014

    English

    Workplace stress in the United States: issues and policies

    Despite relative affluence, workplace stress is a prominent feature of the US labour market. To the extent that job stress causes poor health outcomes – either directly through increased blood ressure, fatigue, muscle pain, etc. or indirectly through increased rates of cigarette smoking – policy to lessen job stress may be appropriate.

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  • 17-July-2014

    English

    The demand for skills 1995-2008: a global supply chain perspective

    Demand for jobs, characterized by skill type and industry of employment, is driven by changes in technology, trade and consumption. Using structural decomposition analysis, we study the relative importance of these drivers for the period 1995-2008.

  • 17-July-2014

    English

    International migration: the relationship with economic and policy factors in the home and destination country

    Unfavourable demographic trends in many OECD countries threaten the sustainability of potential labour resources, GDP growth and fiscal positions. One factor that is expected to mitigate these trends is continued inflows of migrant workers from low income economies.

  • 17-July-2014

    English

    Gross earning inequalities in OECD countries and major non-member economies: determinants and future scenarios

    Income and earning inequality has been on the rise in most of the OECD and in many emerging economies since the 1980s. This paper estimates a model of earnings inequality across OECD countries that incorporates determinants of relative demand and supply of more and less-skilled labour.

  • 17-July-2014

    English

    Women’s role in the Swiss economy

    Swiss women are now as well educated as their male counterparts. However, progress remains to be made in the job market where both the supply and price of female labour are below that of men.

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  • 17-July-2014

    English

    Overcoming skills shortages in Canada

    Skills shortages have developed in certain fields and regions in recent years. Earnings premiums for people in some professions, notably health, engineering and skilled trades have increased.

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  • 15-July-2014

    English

    Vulnerability of social institutions: lessons from the recent crisis and historical episodes

    The recent economic crisis has provided a stress test for the vulnerability of social institutions. This paper assesses the vulnerability of social institutions in light of the current crisis, and surveys past episodes, when social institutions faced similar challenges.

  • 15-July-2014

    English

    Overcoming vulnerabilities of pension systems

    Demographic developments are unfavourable for the financing of pension schemes in most OECD countries, implying continued growth in pension expenditure in virtually all OECD countries. This paper examines the vulnerability of pension systems, with an emphasis on financial sustainability and adequacy.

  • 15-July-2014

    English

    Overcoming vulnerabilities of unemployment insurance schemes

    Unemployment insurance is a key tool for risk sharing and redistribution and also a prominent automatic stabiliser. It is a volatile spending item by design, which can lead to vulnerabilities. This paper explores various shocks and sources of vulnerability of the unemployment insurance schemes of OECD and BRIICS countries.

  • 15-July-2014

    English

    Overcoming vulnerabilities of health care systems

    This paper investigates the vulnerabilities of health care systems in OECD and BRIICS countries to adverse secular trends and large macroeconomic shocks.

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